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A.   DIRECT SPEECH

è Bentuk kalimat kutipan langsung dari si pembicara tanpa mengalami perubahan

My mother said, “It is time to go away”

(reporting verb)   (reported speech)

Reporting verb                = kata kerja yang memberitakan

Reported speech           = kalimat langsung

 

B.   INDIRECT SPEECH

è Bentuk kalimat tidak langsung yang diulang kembali dalam bentuk lain tetapi masih tetap mempunyai pengertian dan makna yang sama

 

Indirect Speech terdiri atas tiga jenis :

  1. Command/Request

Pada kalimat perintah (command) selalu mempergunakan kata kerja dasar

  • “Drink the milk!” mother told her children
  • Grandmother said : “Be careful!”
  • Teacher said : “Don’t cheat during the test!”

Apabila ingin merubah ke reported speech maka kita hanya menambahkan to pada kata kerja I diatas

  • Grandmother said to me to be careful
  • Teacher said to all student not to cheat during the test

Kalimat negatif menggunakan don’t dirubah menjadi not to

 

  1. Statement

Perubahan kalimat langsung dari suatu kalimat pernyataan terdapat beberapa perubahan, diantaranya pronoun, tenses, keterangan waktu/tempat. Tetapi perubahan dilakukan sesuai dengan situasinya

  • Direct : The woman said “ I am feeling tired”

Indirect     : The woman said that she was feeling tired”

  • Direct : They said “ We have played football”

Indirect     : They said that they had played football

  • Direct : Arman said “ I will continue my study

Indirect     : Arman said that he would continue his study

 

  1. Question

Kalimat question selalu diawali dengan kata ganti bantu atau question words.

Ø Pertanyaan dengan kata kerja bantu (auxilary)

Pada pola pertanyaan ini kita menambahkan if atau whether, kemudian merubahnya ke kalimat (statement) dengan menyesuaikan pronoun, tenses dan adverb-nya

  • Direct : Ahmad ask me “ Do you go to school?”

Indirect     : Ahmad asked me if I went to school

  • Direct : Rani ask Rita “Are you thirsty?”

Indirect     : Rani ask Rita if she was thirsty

  • Direct : Fatma ask Marva “ Will you join with me?”

Indirect     : Fatma ask Marva if she would join with her

      Ø Pertanyaan dengan question word

  • Direct : Budi asked me “ Why are you cry?”

Indirect     : Budi asked me why I was cry

  • Direct : They asked him “When do you meet us?”

Indirect     : They asked him when he met them

  • Direct : Sinta asked me “Where will you go?”

Indirect     : Sinta asked me where I would go

 

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