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GERUND

è Kata kerja yang dipakai sebagai kata benda

 

Pemakaian Gerund :

  1. sebagai subyek untuk kata kerja

contoh : sleeping is necessary to life

  1. sebagai obyek untuk kata kerja

contoh : I don’t like smoking

  1. sebagai komplemen untuk kata kerja

contoh : His hobby is hunting

  1. sebagai obyek untuk preposisi

contoh : They went on arguing

  1. sebagai penjelas kata benda noun modifier :

contoh : The waiting room is very large

 

Gerund dan bukan infinitive harus di pakai :

  1. sesudah preposisi atau ungkapan berpreposisi
  • without …

Do your work without speaking

  • look forward to …

I look forward to seeing you soon

  • instead of …

You had much better work instead of idling away your time

 

  1. sesudah kata-kata yang secara tetap menggunakan preposisi
  • fond of …

He is always fond of hunting

  • insist on …

He insisted on going to Kudus

  • object to …

I object to smoking

  • prevent from …

I was prevented from going because of illness

  • succeed in …

He succeed in solving the problem

  • think of …

I often think of going to France

  • tired of …

I’m tired of eating foreign food every day

  • used to …

I’m used to getting up early

 

  1. sesudah kata-kata kerja tertentu
  • avoid …

We can’t avoid making mistakes

  • can’t bear …

He can’t bear being laughed at

  • can’t help …

I can’t help laughing

  • can’t stand

She can’t stand being laughed at

  • delay …

I delayed aswering you owing to pressure of work

  • enjoy …

He enjoys playing a game of football

 

  • escape …

He narrowly escaped drowning

  • finish …

I haven’t finished speaking

  • go on (=continue) …

The rain went on falling all night

  • keep (on) …

He was kept (on) waiting a long time, but he kept his temper

  • mind (=object to) …

Would you mind shutting the window

  • miss …

He narrowly missed getting killed

  • postpone …

I shall postpone writing till I learn full particulars

  • remember …

I remember meeting you at the theatre

  • stop …

My watch stopped ticking

  • give up …

He gave up smoking

  • understand …

He understand managing his business

 

  1. sesudah kata-kata sifat tertentu
  • busy …

I am busy writing letters

  • worth …

Is that book worth reading?

 

  1. sesudah ungkapan-ungkapan tertentu
  • It is no use …

It’s no use crying like a baby

  • It is no good …

It’s no good getting angry at once

  • There is no …

There’s no living with him

  • There is no harm in …

There’s no harm in trying

  • Have the pleasure of …

I had the pleasure of meeting him

  • Take pleasure in …

I take the pleasure in reading

  • To be interested in …

He was interested in learning more about my work

  • To be ashamed of …

The girl was ashamed of having been beaten in class by her brother

  1. Dipakai untuk menyatakan larangan
  • No Talking!
  • No Passing!
  • No Smoking!

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