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CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

(Bentuk Pengandaian)

Conditional sentence (bentuk pengandaian karena bermakna berlawanan dengan kenyataan sebenarnya.

Bentuk Kalimat : Kalimat Majemuk (compound sentence), yang terdiri atas induk kalimat (main clause) dan anak kalimat (subordinate clause) yang biasa disebut if-clause.

Contoh : She will come if she is not busy (dia akan datang jika dia tidak sibuk)

Ardi will go if you invite him (Ardi akan pergi jika kamu mengundangnya)

Dalam bahasa Inggris, kalimat pengandaian terdapat tiga type yang masing-masing memiliki kegunaan sendiri-sendiri.

 

A.   TYPE I

è digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau kejadian yang akan dilakukan atau terjadi jika suatu syarat terpenuhi.

 

Pola Kalimat :

If + S + V1 + O ; S + will + V1 + O

If Clause                         : simple present tense

Main Clause      : simple future tense

Contoh :

  • If the rain stops today, I will go to the meeting
  • If he has much money, he will buy me a motorcycle
  • If you study hard, you will pass the exam

 

B.   TYPE II

è digunakan jika kita menghayalkan/mengandaikan suatu keadaan yang bertentangan dengan keadaan yang ada.

 

Pola Kalimat :

       If + S + V2 + O ; S + would + V1 + O

If clause              : past tense tense

Main clause       : past future tense

Contoh :

  • If I were a doctor, I woulkd take care them
  • If he studied hard, she could pass the exam
  • If he gave the money, I would buy some book

 

C.   TYPE III

è digunakan apabila kita membayangkan suatu kemungkinan yang lain dari suatu peristiwa yang sudah lewat atau sudah terjadi (past) dan tidak mungkin terjadi lagi.

 

Pola Kalimat :

If + S + had + V3 + O ; S + would have + V3 + O

If clause              : past perfect tense

Main clause       : past future perfect tense

Contoh :

  • If I had been there, I would have explained the matter
  • If they had told me the problem, I would have helped them
  • If mother had asked me to do the homework, I would have done it

 

Subject: Conditional Sentences

 

 

  1. If we went to bed early every night, we wouldn’t be so tired all the time.

In fact_____

  1. We go to bed early every night
  2. We went to bed early every night
  3. We went to bed so late every night
  4. We didn’t go to bed so late every night
  5. We go to bed so late every night

 

  1. Berry would have come to your party if you had invited him. It’s a pity that you____him
  2. don’t invite
  3. didn’t invite
  4. haven’t invite
  5. had invite
  6. have invited

 

  1. If you open a savings account, you will _____ interest on your money
  2. get
  3. got
  4. getting
  5. have get
  6. had got

 

  1. Budi : Don’t you want to apply for a

job advertised in the Jakarta

Post?

Andi : If I_____the qualification,

I_____for the job.

  1. had – applied
  2. had – would applied
  3. would have – applied
  4. have – would apply
  5. have – will appy

 

  1. My younger brother thinks that everybody can became an astronout. He often ask himself. What_____if I were an astronout.
  2. do I do
  3. will I do
  4. would I do
  5. am I doing
  6. am I going to do

 

  1. If Tom had known she were here, he would have come to see her. It means, Tom _____ she was here.
  2. doesn’t know
  3. didn’t know
  4. hasn’t know
  5. hadn’t know
  6. wouldn’t have known

 

  1. If only they _____ her arrival tomorrow, they would be very busy today.
  2. knew
  3. would know
  4. have known
  5. had know
  6. know

 

  1. If I _____ more time, I would have checked my paper again.
  2. had had
  3. had have
  4. have had
  5. had
  6. have

 

  1. If the mechanic had done his work properly you _____ no problem with your car yesterday.
  2. would have had
  3. have had
  4. would have
  5. had had
  6. will have

 

  1. Why did she leave the job?She _____ it the salary had been better.
  2. have stayed
  3. will stayed
  4. would stay
  5. may stay
  6. would have stayed

 

  1. I would have gone if the rain _____ stopped
  2. has
  3. have
  4. had been
  5. had
  6. had been being

 

  1. Rani would have gone to Bandung _____ to get a railway reservation.
  2. was able
  3. would she be able
  4. if she is able
  5. if she had been able
  6. if she was able

 

  1. She _____ if I had not reminded her
  2. may forget
  3. should forget
  4. might have forgotten
  5. may forgot
  6. must forget

 

  1. If she had been given the flower, she could have known about Andry’s feeling.
  2. She is not being given the flower
  3. She was nor given the flower
  4. She knew about Andy’s feeling
  5. She receive the flower
  6. She is given the flower

 

  1. If you did your homework, the teacher _____ angry with you.
  2. would
  3. will
  4. will be
  5. would not be
  6. would have been

 

  1. If elveren _____ soon, he _____ Ria
  2. returns – will meet
  3. had returned – would have meet
  4. returns – will meet
  5. had returned – would have meet
  6. has returned – will meet

 

  1. We would not have lost our money, if we _____ the bag in the car.
  2. left
  3. have left
  4. had left
  5. would have
  6. would have left

 

  1. Mother would buy a new T-shirt for me if she had the money. In fact, mother _____
  2. doesn’t buy
  3. didn’t buy
  4. has not buy
  5. buys
  6. bought

 

  1. “_____ she would have drunk a bottle of lemonade.”
  2. If she is thirsty
  3. If she was thirsty
  4. If she would be thirsty
  5. If she were thirsty
  6. If she had been thirsty

 

  1. If she _____ late, the teacher would have been angry with her.
  2. come
  3. comes
  4. had come
  5. would come
  6. would have came

 

 

  1. I would buy a new car if I had enough money. This means _____
  2. I don’t have enough money so I can’t buy a car
  3. I have enough money so I can bu a car
  4. I don’t have enough money so I can buy a car
  5. I had enough money so I could buy a car

 

  1. If she know the information, she will tell it to you. It means _____
  2. She may not tell the information although she knows it
  3. She will not tell you the information because she doesn’t know it
  4. Perhaps she tells the information. In case she will not tell it to you
  5. She knows the information but she will not tell it to you
  6. She knows the information perhaps she will tell it to you

 

  1. If I _____
  2. make a mistake, I’d apologize
  3. made a mistake, I’d apologized
  4. had make a mistake, I would have apologized
  5. have made a mistake, I could apologize
  6. would have made a mistake, I had apologized
  7. If you took the clothes now, the servant _____
  8. had been washed
  9. will wash
  10. had washed
  11. will be wased
  12. would be wased

 

  1. What would you do if you had much money? _____ a trip to europe.
  2. I took
  3. Me took
  4. I will take
  5. I would take
  6. I would have taken

 

  1. He is not study hard and he can’t pass the exam. This means _____
  2. If he were study hard, he could pass the exam
  3. If he were study hard, he could pass the exam
  4. If he were study hard, he would pass the exam
  5. If he had studied hard, he could have passed the exam
  6. If he have study hard, he can pass the exam

 

  1. “Will you tell my mother that I’ll be late?”

“I will if I _____”

  1. have met her
  2. meet her
  3. am seen her
  4. saw her
  5. had met her

 

  1. If you _____ we shall be very disappoint.
  2. don’t go
  3. didn’t go
  4. had not been going
  5. hadn’t gone
  6. weren’t going

 

  1. I’m sorry our football team has lost _____
  2. You don’t if you have trained hard
  3. You won’t if you train hard
  4. You wouldn’t if you trained hard
  5. You wouldn’t if you would train harder
  6. You wouldn’t have if you had trained harder

 

  1. They could have attended the meeting if they had taken the first bus. It means that _____
  2. She was too late for the first bus
  3. The meeting was cancelled
  4. The first bus was late
  5. They didn’t like the meeting
  6. They stayed at home that day

 

  1. If I had a motorbike, I would follow the road race. It means _____
  2. I had a motorbike so I could follow the road race
  3. I didn’t have a motorbike yet so I followed the road race
  4. I didn’t have a motorbike, so I didn’t follow the road race

 

 

  1. I don’t have a motorbike, so I don’t follow the road race
  2. I don’t have a motorbike yet, so I follow the road race

 

  1. “Did you bu the stereo?”

“No, but I would have if my father _____”

  1. gave me the money
  2. was giving me the money
  3. would have given me the money
  4. had given me the money
  5. would give me the money

 

  1. The tried harder so they got the best score.

We can also say : _____

  1. If they won’t try harder, they don’t get the best score
  2. If they didn’t try harder, they wouldn’t get the best score
  3. If they had not try harder, they would not have get the best score
  4. If they didn’t try harder, they didn’t get the best score
  5. If they don’t try harder, they won’t get the best score

 

  1. If Erna had waited fifteen more minutes, she would not have walked home in the rain. From the abose sentence we may conclude that _____
  2. Erna came home all wet
  3. The rain stopped when Erna went home
  4. Erna had gone home before it rained
  5. The rain did not make Erna wet
  6. Erna waited for 5 minues for the rain to stop

 

  1. Had Ria invited fewer people, the party could have been held at her house. We may conclude that _____
  2. it was only a small party
  3. her house was crouded with people
  4. the party was held at the Borobudur hall

 

  1. the guests enjoyed the party at her house
  2. not many of the invited people show

 

  1. Sonya is only 4 years old, why do you talk to her as if she _____ an adult
  2. were
  3. is
  4. is not
  5. had been
  6. hadn’t been

 

  1. “How was the party?” “Great, you _____ yourself if you had come.
  2. would be enjoying
  3. would have enjoyed
  4. enjoyed
  5. were enjoying
  6. will be enjoying

 

  1. “Will you go to new years party?” If you go, I _____
  2. come
  3. will come
  4. go
  5. am
  6. too
  7. Yohvi : Herry, what about the birthday

party?

Herry : Well, if you had come, you

would have really enjoyed it.

From the dialogue we know that Yohvi _____ to the party.

  1. came
  2. comes
  3. didn’t come
  4. had not come
  5. doesn’t come

 

  1. She _____ the plan to have holiday in Puncak. If I had not reminded her
  2. may forget
  3. should forget
  4. may forget
  5. must forget
  6. might hve forgotten

 

  1. If you _____ me some money, I will _____ next week
  2. lend – repays
  3. lent – repays
  4. lend – repay
  5. lent – repaid
  6. lent – repay

 

  1. “Mom, I feel like staying away from school today.”

“I wouldn’t if I were you”

We may conclude that mother _____

  1. thinks he should go to school
  2. wants him to stay home
  3. thinks they should both go to school
  4. thinks it is a good idea
  5. would like him to do what he wants

 

  1. If all the students pass their final examination, the teacher will give a party for them at her house
  2. there will possibly be a party
  3. there has been a party
  4. there’s no party at all
  5. there was a party
  6. there has to be a party

 

  1. She smiled at me, she didn’t know me before. She smiled at me if _____
  2. she knows me before
  3. she knew me before
  4. she doesn’t know me before
  5. she doesn’t knew me before
  6. she had known me before

 

  1. Firman : Iwan, I didn’t see you at

Salfa’s party last night.

Iwan     : Oh, did Salfa have a party?

I would have come If _____

  1. I invite
  2. I am invited
  3. I would invited
  4. I had invited
  5. I had been invited

 

Download materi dan soal bahasa inggris CONDITIONAL SENTENCE doc word

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