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v  If these verbs are followed by another verb, the structure is usually verb + -ing

 

stop                enjoy              fancy              admit              consider       miss

finish              mind               imagine         deny               involve          postpone

delay              suggest         regret             avoid              practice         risk

 

Example :

  • Stop talking!
  • I’ll do the shopping when I’ve finished cleaning the flat
  • I don’t fancy going out this evening
  • Have you ever considered going to live in another county?
  • I can’t imagine George riding a motor bike
  • When I’m on holiday, I enjoy not having to get up early.

 

Exercise:

In this exercise you have to complete the sentence with these verbs!

 

Try                   steal                meet               look                 write                make              be knocked

Wash              play                 eat                   splash                        go                    drive               take

 

  1. Do you fancy __________ tennis this afternoon?
  2. Could you please stop __________ so much noise
  3. Does your job involve __________ a lot of people?
  4. I don’t enjoy __________ letters.
  5. I considered __________ the job but in the end I decided against it
  6. If you use the shower, try and avoid __________ water on the floor.
  7. Jack gave up __________ to find a job in Britain and decided to emigrate.
  8. Have you finished __________ your hair yet?
  9. The phone rang while Ann was having her dinner. She didn’t answer it; she just carried on __________
  10. He admitted __________ the car but denied __________ it dangerously
  11. Why do you keep on __________ at me like that?
  12. They had postpone __________ away because their son was ill
  13. If you walk into the road with out looking, you risk __________ down by a car.

 

  • If a verb comes after a preposition (in/at/with/about), the verb ends in –ing.

Study these examples :

Are you interested

I’m not very good

I’m fed up

The children are excited

What are the advantages

This knife is only

John went to work

I bought a new bicycle

in

at

with

about

of

for

in spite of

instead of

working

learning

studying

going

having

cutting

feeling

going

for us?

languages

 

on holiday

a car?

bread

ill

away on holiday?

 

  • You can use – ing with before and after
  • Before going out I phoned Ann
  • What did you do after leaving school

 

  • You can use by –ing to say how something happened
  • They got into the house by breaking a kitchen window and climbing in
  • You can improve your English by doing a lot of reading

 

  • You can use – ing after without
  • Tom left without finishing his dinner
  • She ran five miles without stopping

 

Exercise :

In this exercise you have to read a sentence a then write a second sentence with the same meaning. Each time begin in the way shown.

Example : I phoned Ann and then I went out. After phoning Ann I went out

 

  1. Tom went to bed but first he had a hot drink.

Before ______________________________________

  1. The plane took off and soon afterward it crashed

Soon after ______________________________________

  1. We didn’t eat at home. We went to a restaurant instead

Instead of ______________________________________

  1. You put people’s lives in danger if you drive dangerously

You put people’s lives in danger by ______________________________________

  1. He hurt his leg but managed to win the race

In spite of ______________________________________

  1. Bill is a very good cook.

Bill is very goo at ______________________________________

  1. I don’t intend to lend her any money.

I have no intention of ______________________________________

  1. George took more exercise and so lost weight

By ______________________________________

  1. He was angry with me because I was late.

He was angry with me for ______________________________________

  1. Tom thinks that doing nothing is better than working.

Tom prefers doing nothing to ______________________________________

 

  • Many verbs have the structure verb(V) + preposition (P) + object

 

talk about

succeed in

feel like

think about/of

dream of

approve/disapprove

look forward to

insist on

decide against

apologize for

We talked

Has Tom succeeded

I don’t feel

Are you thinking

I’ve always dreamed

She doesn’t approve

I’m looking forward

He insisted

We decided

He apologized

about

in

like

of/about

of

of

to

on

against

for

going to America

finding a job yet?

going out tonight

buying a house?

being rich

gambling

meeting her

buying me a drink

moving to London

keeping me waiting

 

  • These verb have the structure verb + object + preposition + – ing
accuse

suspect

congratulate

prevent

stop

thank

forgive

warn

They accused

Did they suspect

I congratulated

What prevented

We stopped

I thanked

Please forgive

They warned

me

the man

Ann

him

everyone

her

me

us

of

of

on

from

from

for

for

against

telling lies

being a spy?

passing the exam

coming to the wedding?

leaving the building

being so helpful

not writing to you

buying the car

 

Exercise :

 

  1. Jack insisted __________ out by himself. (go)
  2. After a long time we eventually succeeded __________ a flat. (find)
  3. I’ve been thinking __________ for a new job. (look)
  4. His parents didn’t approve __________ him __________ out so late. (stay)
  5. I wonder what prevented him __________ to the party. (come)
  6. I’m getting hungry. I’m looking forward __________ dinner. (have)
  7. I don’t feel __________ today. (study)
  8. Forgive me __________ you but I must ask you a question. (interrupt)
  9. The arrested man was suspected __________ in to a house. (break)
  10. Have you ever thought __________ married? (get)
  11. I’ve always dreamed __________ on a small island in the pacific. (live)
  12. The cold water didn’t stop her __________ a swim. (have)
  13. Have you ever been accused __________ a crime? (commit)
  14. She apologized __________ so rude to me. (be)
  15. We have decided __________ a new car. (buy)

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