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PASSIVE VOICE

 

Passive voice adalah kalimat yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu pikiran atau perbuatan yang terdiri dari dua bentuk; yaitu bentuk kalimat aktif dan bentuk kalimat pasif. Pada bentuk kalimat aktif, subyeknya melakukan suatu pekerjaan atau perbuatan. Sedangkan pada kalimat pasif, subyeknya dikenakan pekerjaan atau perbuatan.

 

Kata kerja yang digunakan dalam kalimat pasif bahasa Inggris adalah dengan menggunakan rumus :

… Be + Verb – 3

 

  ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple present

Present continuous

Present perfect

Simple past

Past continuous

Past perfect

Simple future

 

Future perfect

Mary helps John

Mary is helping John

Mary has helped John

Mary helped John

Mary was helping John

Mary had helped John

Mary will help John

Mary is going to help John

Mary will have helped John

John is helped by Mary

John is being helped by Mary

John has been helped by Mary

John was helped by Mary

John was being helped by Mary

John had been helped by Mary

John will be helped by Mary

John is going to be helped by Mary

John will have been helped by Mary

 

 

Exercise 1 : Change the active to the passive by supplying the correct form of be!

  1. Tom opens the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  2. Tom is opening the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  3. Tom has opened the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  4. Tom opened the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  5. Tom was opening the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  6. Tom had opened the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  7. Tom will open the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  8. Tom is going to open the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom
  9. Tom will have opened the door è The door ______________ opened by Tom

 

Exercise: Change the active to the passive

 

  1. They are building a subway in that town

è

  1. You should send all of the letters today

è

  1. She was typing the letter when I arrived there

è

  1. She will discuss this matter at our next meeting

è

  1. We must complete all of the order before Monday

è

  1. They can finish this work by eight o’clock this evening

è

  1. They ought to put such person in prison for life

è

  1. A Japanese architect designed the building

è

  1. The comittee had elected a new chairman

è

  1. The mailman delivers the mail at ten o’clock everyday

è

  1. The wind blew down both houses last night

è

  1. Loss of blood may cause death

è

  1. They have found the lost child

è

  1. My father allows me to go there alone

è

  1. My brother is painting the rooms upstairs

è

 

 

  1. The birthday party _____ in swimming pool now.
  1. is celebrated
  2. has been celebrated
  3. was celebrated
  4. had been celebrated
  5. is being celebrated

 

  1. Last night, a tiger _____ by the hunter
  1. was catching
  2. was caught
  3. is caught
  4. is being caught
  5. has been caught

 

  1. A wooden bridge _____ next month
  1. is going to restore
  2. is to restore
  3. will be restored
  4. is being restored
  5. is restored

 

  1. “Where’s your motorcycles?”

“It ….. “

  1. is being serviced
  2. will be serviced
  3. has been serviced
  4. is to be serviced
  5. was serviced

 

  1. Vega is reading the magazine. This sentence means _____
  1. the magazine was read
  2. the magazine is being read
  3. the magazine must be read
  4. the magazine will be being read
  5. the magazine was being read

 

  1. The picture of the space ships can be _____ in this book
  1. find
  2. found
  3. founded
  4. founding
  5. finds

 

  1. “Did you come to the party?”

“I _____ to come to the party, but I couldn’t come.”

  1. was invited
  2. am invited
  3. was being invited
  4. would be invited
  5. am being invited

 

  1. “How old is this mosque?”

“Well, it _____ in 1870.”

  1. built
  2. was built
  3. to be built
  4. had built
  5. had been built

 

  1. This is very popular TV program. Every week, it _____ by million of people.
  1. watches
  2. being watched
  3. is watched
  4. has watched
  5. to be watched

 

  1. She has picked up some flowers.

The passive form of this sentence is?

  1. Some flowers have been picked up by her
  2. Some flowers has been picked up by her
  3. She has been picked up
  4. Some flowers are picked up by her
  5. Some flowers were picked up by her

 

  1. We like Mrs. Stella very much

We _____ English by her for three years

  1. are teaching
  2. are taught
  3. have been taught
  4. have been teaching
  5. are taught
  1. Tomorrow, the house _____ by my father
  1. will be sold
  2. has been sold
  3. is sold
  4. was sold
  5. would be sold

 

  1. The salary _____ very much
  1. must pay
  2. must have been being paid
  3. must be paid
  4. must be paying
  5. will pay

 

  1. Find the passive form of “someone is following us”
  1. we are followed by someone
  2. we are following someone
  3. we are being followed by someone
  4. we being followed by someone
  5. we have been followed someone

 

  1. This package _____ as soon as possible
  1. should mail
  2. should be mailing
  3. should have mailed
  4. should be mailed
  5. should be mail

 

  1. Most scientific books _____ in English
  1. are printing
  2. are printed
  3. have printed
  4. will print
  5. will have been printing

 

  1. After waiting for two hours, we were told that the actress _____
  1. will gone out
  2. would be gone out
  3. had been gone out
  4. have been gone out
  5. would have been gone out

 

  1. The car damaged by the accident _____ in the work shop.
  1. repaired
  2. is repaired
  3. is being repaired
  4. to have been repaired
  5. having repaired

 

  1. The book _____ in three months.
  1. finishes
  2. should finish
  3. should be finish
  4. should have finished
  5. should have been finishing

 

  1. This house _____ for more than twenty years
  1. has been stayed
  2. is stayed
  3. was stayed
  4. will be stayed
  5. is being stayed

 

  1. “We make a delicious cake”

The passive of the above sentence is : “A delicious cake _____ “

  1. made
  2. is being made
  3. was making
  4. has been made
  5. is made

 

  1. The patient _____ on this time tomorrow.
  1. will be operated
  2. will be being operated
  3. will have been operated
  4. will have been being operated
  5. is operated

 

  1. She was playing the guitar when she arrived
  1. He was being play the guitar when she arrived
  2. The guitar being played when she arrived
  3. The guitar was being played by him when she arrived
  4. The guitar was being played when she arrived
  5. The guitar was being played when she was arrived

 

  1. “ No body can do such a thing.”
  2. such a thing can be done by anybody
  3. a thing can be done by anybody
  4. a such thing can be done by somebody
  5. such a thing can’t be done by someone
  6. such a thing can’t be done by anybody

 

  1. The robbers _____ death last week
  1. were shot
  2. is being shot
  3. was shot
  4. have been shot
  5. has been being shot

 

  1. I shall leave the massage for you

We can also say _____

  1. I shall leave the massage for you
  2. I shall be left the massage for you
  3. The massage shall be leave for you

 

  1. The massage shall be left fot you
  2. The massage shall be left me for you

 

  1. My sister is making a nice gown

The passive sentence from that sentence is _____

  1. My sister is being made by a nice gown
  2. My sister was made by nice gown now
  3. A nice gown is being made by my sister now
  4. A nice gown was being made by my sister now
  5. My sister and a nice gown are being made

 

  1. My mother’s letter ____ this morning
  1. is received
  2. will be received
  3. was received
  4. is being received
  5. been taken away

 

  1. The umbrella is not here anymore. It must have _____
  1. being taken away
  2. took away
  3. taken away
  4. been taking away
  5. been taken away

 

  1. We told her the nearest place to buy a drug

The passive voice of this sentence is _____

  1. she told the nearest place to buy a drug
  2. she was tell them the nearest place to buy a drug
  3. she told them the nearest place to but a drug
  4. she told them the nearest place to buy a drug
  5. she was told them the nearest place to buy a drug

 

  1. The letter is short. It can _____ in three minutes
  1. write
  2. wrote
  3. to write
  4. be written
  5. is written

 

  1. Nothing _____ since you left us
  1. has been changed
  2. is changed
  3. will be changed
  4. was changed
  5. would be changed

 

  1. No body can wash this dirty shirt

The correct passive form of this sentence is _____

  1. This dirty shirt can not be washed
  2. This dirty shirt could not have been washed
  3. This dirty shirt was washed by nobody

 

  1. This dirty shirt can not be washing
  2. This dirty shirt can not washed

 

  1. English _____ three times in my school every week
  1. is taught
  2. are taught
  3. are teach
  4. was taught
  5. will be taught

 

  1. Helma didn’t do the home work

The homework _____ by Helma

  1. was not being done
  2. was not being do
  3. was not done
  4. was done
  5. was not do

 

  1. The CD _____ for three days
  1. is borrow
  2. has been borrowed
  3. have been borrowed
  4. has borrowed
  5. have been borrowed

 

  1. The injured bird _____ in the special cage for one week
  1. has been kept
  2. was being kept
  3. has be kept
  4. was kept
  5. have been kept

 

  1. Our volleyball team _____ six times this season
  1. has been defeated
  2. defeated
  3. has defeated
  4. defeats
  5. has defeats

 

  1. _____ the window broken by the thief?
  1. Does
  2. Is
  3. Are
  4. Do
  5. Was

 

  1. What questions _____ by the examiner?
  1. were set
  2. was set
  3. is being set
  4. is set
  5. was being set

 

Download materi dan soal bahasa inggris PASSIVE VOICE doc word

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