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SUBJUNCTIVE

 

A.   Bentuk kata kerja pada kalimat subjunctive

  1. Present Subjunctive
+ Noun + V2 / were

Wish

If only

Would rather

As if / as though

  1. + Noun + had + V3 / been

    Past Subjunctive

Wish

If only

Would rather

As if / as though

 

B.   Arti / fakta dalam kalimat subjunctive

  1. I wish she weren’t late

(fakta : she is late)

  1. I wish she came to school now

(fakta : she doesn’t come to school now)

  1. I wish she could help us

(fakta : she can’t help us)

  1. I wish she had not been late

(fakta : she was late)

  1. I wish she had come to school yesterday

(fakta : she didn’t come to school yesterday)

  1. I wish she could have helped us

(fakta : she could not help us)

 

  1. I wish I were a millionaire.

This means : I _____ a millionaire

  1. am
  2. am not
  3. was
  4. wasn’t
  5. would be

 

  1. I wish I had understand what he taught yesterday.

It means : _____

  1. I didn’t understand what he taught yesterday
  2. What he taught was understandable
  3. I can understand well
  4. He just kept silent
  5. I don’t want to understand what he said

 

  1. She smiled at me. She didn’t know me before. She smiled at me as if_____
  1. she doesn’t me before
  2. she knows me before
  3. she doesn’t know me before
  4. she had known me before
  5. she knew me before

 

  1. I wish you _____ tomorrow
  1. have gone
  2. will go
  3. would go
  4. are going to
  5. shall go

 

  1. He wishes he knew where she _____ the key.
  1. has put
  2. had put
  3. would put
  4. will put
  5. are going to put

 

  1. Is Ratna sick?

Yes, I wish she _____ here now to help me type the report.

  1. is
  2. will be
  3. were
  4. had been
  5. would be

 

  1. I wish it were not raining now. It means­­­­ _____
  1. it is raining now
  2. it was not raining now
  3. I were not in the rain
  4. We don’t want the rain
  5. It is not raining now

 

  1. If only she _____ the problem.

It means : She didn’t know the problem _____

  1. know
  2. would know
  3. had known
  4. knew
  5. have known

 

  1. They act as if they _____ English perfecting.
  1. knew
  2. know
  3. known
  4. had known
  5. had knew

 

  1. She bought anything as though she _____ last week.
  1. has a lot of money
  2. had a lot of money
  3. had had a lot of money
  4. owns a lot of money
  5. was having a lot of money

 

  1. If only she _____ for him.
  1. has waited
  2. had waited
  3. waits
  4. is waiting
  5. waited

 

  1. He behaves as though he owned the house. It means _____
  1. he doesn’t own the house
  2. he behaves because he own the house
  3. he didn’t behave
  4. he didn’t own the house
  5. he doesn’t behave

 

  1. What a pity you live so far away.

I wish you _____ so far away.

  1. lived
  2. have lived
  3. live
  4. had live
  5. didn’t live

 

  1. He walks as if he were mad. It means _____
  1. he is in fact not mad
  2. he is mad
  3. last year he was mad
  4. he had been mad
  5. he will be mad

 

  1. I don’t know how to do the homework.
  1. if only I do
  2. I wish I do
  3. I wish I did
  4. I wish to do it
  5. I wish I had known it

 

  1. I wish she studied hard. It means_____
  1. She didn’t study hard
  2. She has studied hard
  3. She doesn’t study hard
  4. She studies hard
  5. She studied hard

 

  1. They wishes she had attended the party last night.

This sentence means _____

  1. she doesn’t want to the party
  2. she is in the party now
  3. she is not in the party
  4. she didn’t attend the party
  5. she was in the party last night

 

  1. I wish I _____ a pilot.
  1. were
  2. was being
  3. to being
  4. am
  5. being

 

  1. The music next door is very loud.

I wish someone turned it down.

The underlined utterance means_____

  1. I will turn the music down
  2. Someone turn the music down
  3. I ask someone to turn the music down
  4. I fell annoyed with the music next door
  5. Someone ask me to turn the music down

 

  1. If only I _____ more time, I would have come to your house.
  1. had had
  2. had have
  3. had
  4. has
  5. have

 

  1. The handsome boy gave me the flowers and went away.

I wish I _____ his name.

  1. ask
  2. asked
  3. had asked
  4. asking
  5. would have asked

 

  1. I wish I _____ rich, I buy you anything you want.
  1. was
  2. were
  3. am
  4. shall be
  5. had been

 

  1. We wish _____ now to attend our ceremony.
  1. they are here
  2. they were here
  3. they have been here
  4. they have been here
  5. they will be here

 

  1. X : Is Rani come to class today?

Y : I wish she were come.

This means _____

  1. Rani is come to class now
  2. Y wants Rani come to class now
  3. Rani is not come to class now
  4. Y does not want Rani come to class now
  5. X doesn’t want Rani come to class now

 

  1. I wish you _____ to Bali next week.
  1. have gone
  2. would go
  3. shall go
  4. will go
  5. are going to go

 

  1. I didn’t find my dog every where.

I wish I _____ it.

  1. have found
  2. found
  3. finds
  4. had found
  5. find

 

  1. Tommy talks as if he knew a lot about machines.

It means _____

  1. Tommy was not interested in machines
  2. Tommy pretends not to know anything about machines
  3. Tommy is a good mechanic
  4. Tommy has a machines
  5. Tommy doesn’t know anything about machines

 

  1. I wish I had a big flat TV-set, so_____
  1. I wouldn’t have study hard
  2. I could go cycling everyday
  3. I wouldn’t have any difficulty to use my play station sets
  4. I could easily do my homework
  5. I could call you

 

  1. I wish the rain _____ stop.
  1. had to
  2. has to
  3. is going to
  4. will
  5. would

 

  1. They treat us as if we were all stupid persons. It means _____
  1. we are really stupid persons
  2. we are not all stupid persons
  3. we haven’t been all stupid persons
  4. we were all stupid persons
  5. we haven’t been all stupid persons

 

  1. I wish I _____ him.
  1. knew
  2. had known
  3. will know
  4. know
  5. have

 

  1. I wish you hadn’t given him my address. It means _____
  1. you gave him my address
  2. you didn’t give him my address
  3. you hadn’t give him my address
  4. you would give him my address
  5. you haven’t given him my address

 

  1. I don’t speak English fluently I wish I _____ English fluently.
  1. speak
  2. spoke
  3. have spoken
  4. speaks
  5. had spoken

 

  1. There is a beautiful lady over there, I wish I knew her.

I wish I knew her means _____

  1. I know the lady
  2. I knew the lady
  3. I didn’t know the lady
  4. I don’t know the lady
  5. I have known the lady

 

  1. If only you _____ earlier, you will meet her.
  1. came
  2. had come
  3. has come
  4. will come
  5. shall come

 

  1. I’m sure he is not the man in charge of the sales department. But now, he _____
  1. act as if he is the sales manager
  2. is acting as if he would be the sales manager
  3. would have acted as if he had been the sales manager
  4. would act as if he was the sales manager
  5. acts as if he were the sales manager

 

  1. Bill has been working for this bookstore for many years, and now he acts as if he were the owner.

From this sentence we may conclude that _____

  1. Bill is an honest man
  2. Bill has become a rich man
  3. Bill is a shareholder
  4. Bill is not the owner of the store
  5. Bill is the one whom the owner trusts

 

  1. “ Is Evi still sick?”

“Yes, I wish she _____ here now to help me type the report.”

  1. is
  2. will be
  3. were
  4. had been
  5. would be

 

  1. The students missed the lesson because he was day-dreaming. He wished he had paid attention to the lesson.

It means that the student _____

  1. had paid attention to the lesson
  2. didn’t pay attention to the lesson
  3. doesn’t pay attention to the lesson
  4. didn’t miss the lesson
  5. doesn’t miss the lesson

 

  1. He orders people around as if he were the owner of the restaurant.

From the above statement we may conclude that _____

  1. he has worked hard to own the restaurant
  2. he has been the owner for years
  3. he is very proud of his restaurant
  4. he is just an ordinary employee
  5. he is a successful businessman

 

  1. Nina : All light are off. There is something wrong with the fuse. Can you help me?

Dudi : I wish I knew about electricity.

The underlined sentence means that Dudi _____ about electricity.

  1. knew
  2. knows
  3. didn’t know
  4. doesn’t know
  5. has known

 

  1. Husband : My car’s battery is very weak.

Wife      : Why don’t we get a new one.

Husband : I think we should, but

I wish I could recharge the battery.

The underlined expression means that he _____ recharge the battery.

  1. can
  2. could
  3. cannot
  4. does not
  5. could not

 

  1. Tina : I’m afraid I can’t finish my work

Evi   : I wish I could help you

From the dialogue we can conclude that Evi _____ Tina

  1. can’t help
  2. won’t help
  3. didn’t help
  4. hadn’t help
  5. doesn’t want to help
  1. I wish someone answered my call. It’s been ringing for about five minutes

The underlined sentence means_____

  1. someone will answer the phone
  2. someone had answer the phone
  3. the phone has stopped ringing
  4. nobody answers the phone
  5. I would answer the phone

 

  1. The music next door is very loud.

I wish someone turned it down.

The underlined sentence means _____

  1. I will turn the music down
  2. Someone turns the music down
  3. I ask someone to turn the music down.
  4. I feel annoyed with the music next door.
  5. Someone asked me to turn the music down.

 

  1. “You look tired. Why don’t you take a rest?”

“I wish _____; I still have to finish this report.”

  1. I can
  2. I’m able
  3. I will be able
  4. I could
  5. I had been able

 

  1. Hadi : What’s you opinion about global economy?

Tito : Well, I think there will be many foreigners coming to Indonesia and foreign products will be easy to find in our country. But I wish they were not expensive.

From the dialogue above we may conclude that _____

  1. Tito doesn’t  agree with global economy
  2. There won’t be many tourist visiting Indonesia.
  3. Tito liked buying local product
  4. Foreign products are cheaper
  5. Foreign product are expensive

 

  1. A : More and more people have died as the victim of war.

B : That’s terrible. I wish we were living in a world with no war or dispute between countries.

The underlined words mean _____

  1. We are living is a peaceful world
  2. We were living in a peaceful world
  3. We are not living in a peaceful world
  4. We were not living in a peaceful world

 

  1. Kiki : I wish I had a certificate of

Indah : Why?

Kiki     : The interest rate is high now.

From the dialogue we can conclude that Kiki _____

  1. has a certificate of deposit
  2. doesn’t have money kept in a bank
  3. enjoys the high interest paid by the bank
  4. is going to deposit his money in the bank
  5. has no interest to open an account in a bank
  1. “People are complaining about the frequent students demonstration.

“You’re right. I wish that the political condition _____ stable.

  1. is
  2. were
  3. will be
  4. would be
  5. would have been

 

  1. Lita : Hi, why you look so sad? Something wrong?

Bagus : Yea. I wish I had time to have a date with Ria.

From the dialogue we know that_____

  1. Lita promises to meet Ria
  2. Both Lita and Bagus will visit Ria
  3. Bagus loses his chance to meet Ria
  4. Bagus and Lita have no time for a date
  5. Neither Lita Nor Bagus has a date with Ria

 

  1. Pedro : Is the manager in today? I’ll tell something important to him.

Hendi : I wish he were in now

The underlined utterance means_____

  1. The manager is in now
  2. Hendi wants Pedro to be in now
  3. Hendi doesn’t want the manager to be in now
  4. The manager is out somewhere
  5. Pedro want Hendi not to be in now

 

  1. X : Did you come to Jane’s party?

Y : I wish I had gone there. I had a terrible headache.

From the dialogue we may conclude that the second speaker _____ to Jane’s party.

  1. didn’t come
  2. doesn’t come
  3. would come
  4. has come
  5. had come

 

  1. Anwar : Are you pleased that your son wants to be a dentist?

Mr. Rahman : No, not really. I wish my son became a manager of my shoe-store.

The underlined expression means that_____

  1. Mr. Rahman’s son is a manager
  2. Mr. Rahman wants his son to be a manager
  3. Mr. Rahman’s son is running a shoe-store
  4. Mr. Rahman’s son was not a dentist
  5. Mr. Rahman’s son was not a dentist

 

  1. “Problems of transportation have caused donated food and clothing for the tsunami victims to be piled up at the airport.”

I wish _____

  1. there are more volunteers to help
  2. the victim should not have worried
  3. the government can ask for help
  4. the problem will be solved immediately
  5. there were more helicopters available.

 

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