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Download soal bahasa inggris Relative Pronoun doc word

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Relative Pronoun

 

  1. WHO

è‘Who’digunakan untuk menggantikan orang yang berkedudukan sebagai subyek.

 

Ex : Fini is angry

She has just lost in the game

Kedua kalimat ini dapat di gabungkan dengan pola relative pronoun menjadi :

Fini who has just lost in the game is angry

Relative pronoun diletakkan tepat setelah kata yang digantikannya.

 

Ex : The people were mostly young souldiers

They were killed during the war

‘They’ pada kalimat kedua mengacu pada ‘the people’ dan berkedudukan sebagai subyek, maka gabunganya adalah :

The people who were killed during the war were mostly young soldiers.

 

  1. Whom

è‘Whom’ digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang yang berkedudukan sebagai obyek atau complement.

 

Ex : The men are angry

I don’t like the men

Gabungan kalimat diatas adalah :

The man whom I don’t like are angry

 

Ex : Juliette lives in Phillipine

Romeo loves her very much

Frase yang sama adalah her yang mengacu pada Juliette, maka gabungannya adalah :

Juliette whom Romeo loves very much lives in Phillipine

Jika dalam kalimat kedua sebelum frase yang akan digantikan dengan relative pronoun terdapat preposisi (kata depan), preposisi itu harus dipindhkan pada posisi sebelum ‘whom’.

Ex : The man is angry

The woman is talking to him

Gabungan kalimat diatas adalah :

The man to whom the woman is talkin to is angry

C.Whose

è‘Whose’ digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang yang menyatakan kepemilikan/kepunyaan (posessive).

 

Ex : Tom’s father is in hospital now

His health hasn’t been so good lately

Gabungan kalimat diatas adalah :

Tom’s father whose health hasn’t been so good lately is in hospital now.

 

  1. Which

è ‘Which’ digunakan untuk menggantikan frase benda atau binatang baik berkedudukan sebagai subyek maupun obyek

Ex : I saw a dog

The dog was beaten by the boy

Gabungan kalimat diatas adalah :

I saw a dog which was beaten by the boy

 

  1. That

è ‘That’ digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang atau benda dalam hal ini ‘that’ sama dengan ‘who’ ‘whom’ dan ‘which’

Ex : – The girl who met me is very pretty = The girl that met me is very pretty

– The girl whom setiawan loves is very pretty = The girl that setiawan loves is very pretty

 

 

EXERCISE 1

 

Gabungkanlah kalimat berikut dengan menggunakan relative pronoun!

 

  1. We saw some people

Their car had broken down

Answer :

 

  1. What’s the name of the girl

You borrowed her car

Answer :

 

  1. The man was on holiday

You wanted to see him

Answer :

 

  1. The girl left him after a few week

He fell in love with her

Answer :

 

  1. Johan is very friendly

He lives next door

Answer :

 

  1. The dress doesn’t fit her

Susi bought it

Answer :

 

  1. The girl is a Sundanese

Budi is going to marry her

Answer :

 

  1. Have you found the key?

You lost them

Answer :

 

  1. The girl is now in the hospital

She was injured in the accident

Answer :

 

  1. We know a lot of people

They live in Surabaya

Answer :

 

 

Exercise 2

 

Lengkapilah kalimat berikut dengan relative pronoun yang tepat

 

  1. We bought the stereo __________ had been advertised at a reduced price.
  2. Setiawan is a man __________ we are going to recommend for a job.
  3. The men __________ the woman is talking are angry.
  4. Suherman is the only doctor __________ I have seen about this problem.
  5. Teachers __________ do not spend enough time on class preparation often have difficulty explaining new lessons.
  6. This rum __________ I bought in Viginia Island is very smooth.
  7. The company, __________ employees are on strike, is closing down for two weeks.
  8. The dentist is with a child __________ teeth are causing some troubles.
  9. Suhadinata __________ is a professor in applied linguistics, is traveling in Mideast this year.
  10. All the money __________ was accepted has already been released.

 

 

Direct – Indirect Speech

  1. Direct Speech

è Kutipan asli suatu pembicaraan tanpa adanya suatu perubahan. Penulisan direct speech selalu diapit oleh tanda kutip, kalimat selalu diawali huruf kapital.

Ex :

  • She yelled at me: “Don’t leave leave the door open!”
  • My mother says to my sister : “Brush your teeth!”
  • “Where are you going?” she asked

 

  1. Indirect Speech

è Bentuk kalimat laporan ini adalah untuk menceritakan kemali pembicaraan/pendapat seseorang yang mana mengalami modifikasi tertentu.

  1. Imperative (command/request)
  2. Declarative (statement)
  3. Interrogative (question)

 

  1. Imperative (command/request)

è Yang dilaporkan disini adalah suatu perintah. Kalimat perintah biasanya tidak mengenal subject, maka verb dalam direct imperative tidak mengalami perubahan. Verb dalam indirect menjadi ‘to infinitive’.

 

Positive Imperative

Perhatikan perubahan berikut :

– He said, “Go away!”           à He told me to go away

– “Come here!” she said      à She asked him to come there

– I said, “Be quite!”    à I begged us to be quite

– He begged, “Be happy!” à He    warned to be happy

 

Negative Imperative

Perhatikan perubahan berikut:

– He said, “Don,t go away!” à He told me not to go away

– “Don’t come here!” she said        à She asked him not to come there

– I said, “Don’t be noisy!”                 à I begged us not to be noisy

– He begged, “Don’t be lazy!”         à He  warned not to be lazy

 

Exercise :

  1. “Eat more fruit and vegetable”, the doctor said.

Answer : ______________________________________________

  1. “Read the instruction before you switch on the machine”, he said to me.

Answer : ______________________________________________

  1. “Shut the door but don’t lock it”, she said to us.

Answer : ______________________________________________

  1. “Don’t come before 6 o’clock”, I said to him

Answer : ______________________________________________

  1. “Don’t wait for me if I’m late,” Ratu said.

Answer : ______________________________________________

 

  1. Declarative (Statement)

Kalimat laporan dari suatu pernyataan mengalami beberapa perubahan antara lain :

  1. Pronoun dan Possesive Adjective
Direct Indirect
I

You

My

Our

Your

He/She

Me/he/she/them/I/him/her

His/her

Their/our

My/his/her

 

  1. Keterangan Waktu dan Tempat
Direct Indirect
Now

Today

Tomorrow

 

 

 

Next …

 

Last …

 

 

… ago

 

Yesterday

 

 

The day before yesterday

Here

This

These

 

Then

That day

The next day

The day after

The following day

A day later

The … after

The following …

The … before

The previous …

The preceeding

… before

… earlier

The day before

The previous day

The preceeding day

Two days before

There

That

Those

 

 

 

  1. Tenses
Direct Indirect
Verb 1

Verb 2

Is/am

Are

Have/has

Do/does

Did

Can

May

Must

Shall

Will

Ought to

Could

Might                verb 1 / be

Should

Would

 

Verb 2

Had Verb 3

Was

Were

Had

Did

Had verb 3

Could

Might

Had to

Should

Would

Ought to

Could

Might                 have V3 / been

Should

would

 

Ex :

– Anto : ”I will go now!”  à   Anto said that he would go then.

– Ratu : ”They love me!”         à      Ratu told that they loved her.

– “I’ve been writing”, Prabu answered  à Prabu answered thet he had been writing.

– Father : “I was sick yesterday” à Father told that he had been sick the day before.

 

Exercise :

Kemarin kamu bertemu seorang teman, Prabu. Prabu bercerita banyak hal. Berikut ini sebagian hal yang Prabu katakan :

Pada hari berikutnya kamu menceritakan kepada rekan lainnya apa yang telah Prabu katakan. Gunakan pola indirect speech. Nomor 1 telah dikerjakan untuk digunakan sebagai contoh.

 

  1. Prabu said that he was thinking of going to live in Kuningan.
  2. Prabu said that _____________________________________________
  3. _____________________________________________________________
  4. _____________________________________________________________
  5. _____________________________________________________________
  6. _____________________________________________________________
  7. _____________________________________________________________
  8. _____________________________________________________________
  9. _____________________________________________________________
  10. _____________________________________________________________
  11. _____________________________________________________________
  12. _____________________________________________________________
  13. _____________________________________________________________

 

  1. Interrogative (Question)
  2. Berawalan Auxilary

è Apabila pertanyaan itu dimulai dengan auxilary, yang hanya membutuhkn jawaban ‘yes/no’. Maka dalam hal ini dipakai kata penghubung ‘if’ atau ‘whether’ dalam indirect-nya. Kalimat tanya indirect ini pertama-tama diubah kedalam bentuk pernyataan (statement), lalu diperlakukan perubahan seperti pada pola statement.

Direct Indirect
Doctor : “Do you usually take a nap?”

Diubah

You usually take a nap Doctor

 

Ratu : “Are you a student?”

Diubah

You are a student

 

Prabu : “May I borrow yor car?”

Diubah

I may borrow your car

 

 

Doctor asks if/whether I usually take a nap

 

 

Ratu asked if/whether I was a student

 

 

Prabu asked if/whether he might borrow my car

 

 

  1. Menggunakan Kata Tanya / Question Word

è Dalam pertanyaan yang menggunakan question word, maka questin word (QW) : how, when, why, where, who, which, what berfungsi sebagai kata peghubung dalam indirect speech-nya. Langkah pembentukan indirect tipe ini sama dengan langkah bentuk satu (1) di atas. Namaun dalam hal ini ‘if/whether’ digantikan dengan question word dalam bentuk direct-nya.

Direct Indirect
Arief : “How you spell your name?”

=

You spell your name

Lia : “Where can you keep your money safely?”

=

You keep your money safely

 

 

 

Arief asked how I spelt my name

 

 

Lia asked me where I could keep my money safely.

 

 

 

Exercise :

Rubahlah kalimat berikut ke dalam bentuk indirect speech!

 

  1. “Do you love me?” Ratu asked me.

Ratu asked me ________________________________________________

  1. “Will you tell me that you need me?” Prabu asked Ratu.

Prabu asked Ratu _____________________________________________

  1. “Are you all right?” Prabu wondered

Prabu wondered _______________________________________________

  1. Nunik asked me : “Why do you want me to tell him?”.

Nunik asked me _______________________________________________

  1. Setiawan asked the students, “How can you do it in a short time?”.

Setiawan asked the students __________________________________

______________________________________________________________

  1. “What is your name?” the stranger asked me.

The stranger asked me ________________________________________

  1. May I borrow your car for a moment?” Ratu asked me.

Ratu asked me ________________________________________________

  1. “What time will you pick me up?” Ratu asked me.

Ratu asked me ________________________________________________

  1. “Is she a student?” Prabu inquired.

Prabu inquired _______________________________________________

  1. “Have you told her what I said to you?” I asked Nunik.

I asked Nunik ________________________________________________

Download soal bahasa inggris Relative Pronoun doc word

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