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TENSES

 PRESENT TENSE

 

  1. Present Continuos Tense ( Verb : is, am, are + ing )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung sekarang (atau present, this moment, now, etc)

 

Examples :

  • Don’t make so much noise, the baby is sleeping.
  • Where are the nurses?

They are having a meeting.

  • I am tired. I am going to bed now.

 

  1. Simple Present Tense ( Verb : V1 atau V1 + s/es )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang selalu diulang (repeated action ), kebiasaan  (habitual action) dan kebenaran umum (general truth).

 

Example :

  • He is a driver. He drives a bus.
  • I usually go away at weekends.
  • Nurse looks after patients in hospital.
  • Where does he come from. He comes from Papua.

 

  1. Present Prefect Tense ( Has/Have + V3 )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang telah dilakukan tanpa diikuti keterangan waktu yang pasti. (keterangan : yet, already, since, for)

 

Examples :

  • Is Sally here? No, she has gone
  • Don’t forget to post the letter.

I have already posted it.

  • I have written a report but I have’t given it to the doctor yet.

 

  1. Present Perfect Continuos Tense ( Have/Has + Been + V ing )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang telah dilakukan beberapa saat dan sampai sekarang masih berlangsung (berdurasi).

Keterangan waktu : for ….., since ….. dan keterangan waktu yang menunjukkan bahwa sampai sekarang aktivitas itu masih berlangsung.

 

Examples :

  • The surgeon has been operating the patient for 2 hour. He is still doing it now.
  • I have been teaching in nursing academy for 3 years. I am still teaching there now.
  • I have been waiting a doctor for almost an hour, but she has not arrived yet.

 

 

PAST TENSE

 

  1. Simple Past ( V2 )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang sudah dilakukan diwaktu lampau dan waktunya tertentu.

Keterangan waktu : ago, yesterday, last, just now.

 

Examples :

  • The police stopped me on my way home last night.
  • My patient died two hours ago.
  • Did you invite him to your wedding party.

Yes, I invited him, but he didn’t come.

 

  1. Past Continuos ( Was/Were + V ing )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung ketika ada aktivitas lain yang menyusul, keduanya terjadi di masa lampau.

Atau untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas yang berlangsung cukup lama diwaktu lampau (ket: when, while, the whole …..).

 

Examples :

  • The nurse was making the bed when the patient collapsed.
  • The container exploded, when the lab workers were doing some experiment.
  • That baby was crying the whole night.

 

  1. Past Perfect ( Had + V3 )

è Untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas yang telah dilakukan setelah berlangsung pada waktu disusul aktivitas lain.

Keterangan waktu : Before, After

 

Examples :

  • I had done the morning care before I left. I hope you come to replace me.
  • The doctor diagnosed her illness after he had examined
  • The surgeon had operated the patient before he went home.

 

  1. Past Perfect Continuos ( Had + Been + V ing )

è Untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas yang telah berlangsung beberapa lama sebelum disusul aktivitas lain (berdurasi dimasa lampau).

Keterangan waktu : for ….. when / for ….. before

 

Examples :

  • He had been doing a presentation for an hour when one of the audiences interrupt him.
  • He had been teaching in SPK for 8 years before I started teaching in nursing academic.
  • The student had been discussing for 30 minutes when the teacher entered the classroom.

 

 

FUTURE TENSE

 

  1. Simple Future : ( Will + V1 / to be going to )

è Untuk menyatakan suatu aktivitas yang akan dilaksanakan pada waktu tertentu dimasa yang akan datang.

Ket: next ….., tomorrow, tonight.

 

Examples :

  • We will have a trip next week.
  • We are going to have trip next week.
  • I will inform you the latest news about her.

 

  1. Future Continous ( Will Be + V ing )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang akan sedang dilakukan di masa yang akan datang.

 

Examples :

  • Don’t comes to my house around three tomorrow. I will be taking a nap.
  • She will be teaching from 07.00 to 13.00 next Monday.

 

  1. Future Perfect Tense : ( Will + have + V3 )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang akan telah selesai dilakukan pada waktu yang akan datang.

Ket: by ….. / before …..

 

Examples :

  • The students will have finished their task by 12.00
  • I will have submitted my paper before saturday.

 

  1. Future Perfect Continuos ( Will + Have Been + V ing )

è Untuk menyatakan aktivitas yang sudah berlangsung sampai sekarang masih dan akan tetap berlangsung sampai waktu tertentu (berdurasi di masa yang akan datang).

Ket: for ….. by …..

 

Examples :

  • We will have been studying English for 6 years by June 2000.
  • The doctor will have been operating the patient for 3 hour by 11.00

 

   

Present

 

Past Future
 

Simple

 

V1 V2 Will + V1
 

Continuous

 

To be + Ving Was/were + Ving Will + be + Ving
 

Perfect

 

Have/Has + V3 Had + V3 Will + Have + V3
Perfect Continuous  

Have/Has + Been + Ving

 

Had + Been + Ving

 

Will + Have + Been + Ving

 

 

Tenses

 

 

  1. Suherly _____ for the automobile corporation since 1982.
  2. worked
  3. works
  4. is working
  5. has worked
  6. will work

 

  1. By the end of this year, I _____ English for two years.
  2. will study
  3. have been studying
  4. had been studying
  5. must have studied
  6. will have been studying

 

  1. His mother _____ a lot about him before she heard that he was okay.
  2. worried
  3. has worried
  4. worries
  5. had worried
  6. had been worried

 

  1. The team _____ along the river-bank when they accidentally found a big cave.
  2. were walking
  3. are walking
  4. will walk
  5. walked
  6. walk

 

  1. Ahmad : Mah, what were you doing when I

phoned your mother last night?

Halimah : I _____ TV

  1. am watching
  2. was watching
  3. have watched
  4. will watched
  5. watch

 

  1. By the end of this month, I _____ my assignment.
  2. will finish
  3. will have finished
  4. finish
  5. am finishing
  6. was finishing

 

  1. Did you meet your brother yesterday?

No, he _____ to Surabaya.

  1. would leave
  2. has left
  3. is leaving
  4. had been leaving
  5. had left

 

 

 

  1. Febby look tired; she _____ for three hours now.
  2. drove
  3. had driven
  4. was driving
  5. had been driving
  6. has been driving

 

  1. Don’t come in the afternoon because _____ football then.
  2. I play
  3. I will be playing
  4. I am playing
  5. I am going to play
  6. I have played

 

  1. Rahma _____ for two hours before Topan arrived.
  2. will waiting
  3. has waited
  4. was waiting
  5. has been waiting
  6. had been waiting

 

  1. Yunny has been studying English for four years. It means _____
  2. Yunny doesn’t study English anymore
  3. Yunny is still studying English now
  4. Yunny wants to study English
  5. Yunny studied for four years
  6. Yunny finished studying English in four years

 

  1. Nothing _____ since we left
  2. has been changed
  3. is changed
  4. will be changed
  5. was changed
  6. would be changed

 

  1. The sun _____ in the east
  2. is rising
  3. rose
  4. rise
  5. rises
  6. sets

 

  1. Be quite, don’t make so much noise. The baby _____
  2. sleeps
  3. has slept
  4. was sleeping
  5. is sleeping
  6. will sleep

 

  1. Rahmi _____ a letter in her room when Dita came in.
  2. wrote
  3. writes
  4. is writing
  5. has written
  6. was writing

 

  1. Sonya _____ go to Bali next weekend
  2. shall
  3. may
  4. could
  5. will
  6. must

 

  1. He went to library to find history book _____
  2. next Sunday
  3. last week
  4. every Sunday
  5. since last Sunday
  6. today

 

  1. I hope that by the time I graduate, I _____ a job.
  2. get
  3. am getting
  4. have got
  5. they are
  6. will have got

 

  1. Risma _____ in that company since 1996
  2. work
  3. working
  4. to work
  5. has been working
  6. have work

 

  1. My grandfather _____ when I came to his house.
  2. read
  3. was reading
  4. reads
  5. is reading
  6. has read

 

  1. When Dita arrived, I _____ my homework
  2. finish
  3. finished
  4. had finished
  5. was finish
  6. finishing

 

  1. I _____ a good movie last night
  2. see
  3. saw
  4. seen
  5. was see
  6. have see

 

  1. All the family ____ in Bogor since two years ago.
  2. have had to live
  3. have lived
  4. had been living
  5. had lived
  6. have been living

 

  1. They saw the thief _____ the money from the bank
  2. was stealing
  3. stealing
  4. stole
  5. steals
  6. to steal

 

 

 

  1. How did you find your brother?

I found him _____ in the garage

  1. slept
  2. was sleeping
  3. had been sleeping
  4. sleeping
  5. had slept

 

  1. Look, the boy _____ freely
  2. swims
  3. will swim
  4. is swimming
  5. was
  6. was swimming

 

  1. X : When are you planning to send the application letter to the company?

Y : I _____ it already

  1. send
  2. had sent
  3. have sent
  4. was sent
  5. will sent

 

  1. She told me the address after I _____ her twice.
  2. have ask
  3. ask
  4. asking
  5. asked
  6. had asked

 

  1. By the end of this month, she will _____ for two years.
  2. have working
  3. have work
  4. work
  5. have been working
  6. have been work

 

  1. They _____ dinner together with special family at this time in the following day.
  2. will take
  3. would took
  4. are going to take
  5. would be taking
  6. had taken

 

  1. She _____ before she went to school.
  2. eat
  3. have eat
  4. had eaten
  5. have eating
  6. have been eating

 

  1. She _____ while her mother was talk to her
  2. were not listening
  3. will not listen
  4. has not listened
  5. was not listening
  6. are listening

 

  1. Andry _____ in Bogor for five years before he got a job in Bandung.
  2. studied
  3. was studying
  4. had studied
  5. have been studying
  6. had been studying

 

 

  1. Rudy told me about the mouse, but I _____ it before.
  2. see
  3. saw
  4. seen
  5. have see
  6. have seen

 

  1. By the end of the vacation, she _____ here for two weeks.
  2. will stay
  3. will have been stay
  4. is staying
  5. will be staying
  6. has been staying

 

  1. Over the past few years medical doctors _____ for a drug to control the AIDS virus.
  1. have been searching
  2. searched
  3. had searched
  4. were searching
  5. will search

 

  1. Next month, he _____ as a teacher for 20 years.
  1. has worked
  2. has been working
  3. will have been working
  4. will be working
  5. will work

 

  1. The man _____ building the factory by next year.
  1. are going to finish
  2. will have finished
  3. have finished
  4. have been finishing
  5. are finished

 

  1. The telephone _____ for a long time before it was answered
  2. rang
  3. was ringing
  4. had been ringing
  5. had rung
  6. has rung

 

  1. My uncle _____ in that office for over five years next year.
  1. will have been working
  2. has been working
  3. will be working
  4. will work
  5. would work

 

  1. “I want to come to your house tomorrow. What _____ at ten tomorrow?”
  1. would you do
  2. have you done
  3. will you be doing
  4. have you been doing
  5. are you going to do

 

  1. He _____ here for a year by this time next year.
  1. has lived
  2. will live
  3. will be living
  4. has been living
  5. will have been living
  1. The police _____ for the robber for two years before they caught him.
  1. had been looking
  2. have looked
  3. were looking
  4. hard to be looked
  5. were looked

 

  1. When I got up yesterday, Ali and Nina _____ their breakfast.
  • already have
  • were having
  • have been having
  • had had

 

  1. By the end of this week, he will have finished reading the novel. It means _____
  1. He has finished reading the novel
  2. He may have finished reading the novel
  3. He was reading the novel
  4. He will not finished reading the novel
  5. He ha not finishes reading the novel and is going to finish it this week

 

  1. Sugeng had been living in Surakarta for years before he moved to Yogyakarta
  1. He will be living in Yogyakarta by next year
  2. He lives in Surakarta now
  3. He lives in Yogyakarta now
  4. He was living in Yogyakarta when I moved there
  5. He will live in Surakarta

 

  1. “Ten years ago there was no statue in front of this building.”

“Well, it _____ there for three years now.”

  1. is
  2. has been
  3. is being
  4. was
  5. had been

 

  1. They _____ their homework all night long
  2. are doing
  3. have done
  4. did
  5. had been doing
  6. have been doing

 

  1. The bus came after I _____ for about twenty minutes
  2. have been waiting
  3. have waited
  4. am waiting
  5. had been waiting
  6. was waiting

 

  1. She read the dictionary then she translated the sentence. The above sentence can be joined as follow _____
  2. When she read the dictionary, she translated the sentence
  3. She would read the dictionary if she translated the sentence
  4. She had read the dictionary before she translated the sentence
  5. She read the dictionary after she translated the sentence
  6. While she has translating the sentence she read the dictionary

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