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Migration is the movement of people or animal from one place to another. People may migrate because they are forced to move, or merely because they want to move. Wars, famine, floods and volcanic eruptions have all caused migrations. The causes of animal migrations have remained basically the same for thousands of years. Animals cannot control their surrounding in the way that men can. Wild animals must move from areas to areas to find physical conditions in which they can survive.
In prehistoric times, men often moved from one area to another much as the animals did. They seldom stayed anywhere for along time, because the food supply usually ran out. As men learned to cultivate crops and domesticate animals, they could stay in one place longer than before. But when the soil no longer produced good crops, or when drought, flood, or fire ruined the drops, men had to migrate is searching for food.
Human migration today is much different from migrations of animals and prehistoric man. People usually move to improve their economic or social condition or because of political changes. Some migrations cause long-range changes in populations, because they bring together peoples with different background.
Migration includes both emigration (the movement of people out of an area) and immigration (the movement of people into an area). International migration occurs between two countries and intercontinental migration between two continent. When people move within one country, from one region, state, or province to another, the movement is called internal migration.
Since the earliest times, people have migrated for three chief reason. First, they have used or destroyed their natural resources. Second, they seek to improve or change some aspects of their way of life. Third, they migrate because of wars, conquests, and invasions. These reasons are usually taken together and called population pressure.
- Besides caused by wars and famine, migration may also caused by _____
- Natural disasters
- What make men in prehistoric times often move from one area to another? They _____
- Followed their cattle
- Wanted to conquer other tribes
- Looked for water
- Tried to escape from wars
- Didn’t know how to cultivate crop
- Why do animals have to immigrate? They _____
- Feel disturbed by men
- Cannot control their group
- Train their physical conditions
- Must adapt with their new environment
- Cannot adapt with the change of their surrounding
- What id the difference of human migrations in prehistoric times and today?
- In prehistoric times men migrated because of war
- Today men migrate because they cannot cultivated the land
- Today people migrate because they want to hunt animal
- Today men migrate for political reasons
- In prehistoric times men migrated to improve their status
- What is an international migration? It is a movement _____
- From one island to another
- From one province to another
- From one country to another
- From one continent to another
- Within one country
A Helping Hand
I, Lita and Jessie were on our way to school. As were crossing the road, we saw an old woman carrying a big basket of fruits and squatted down.
We ran toward her and asked, “Are you all right?” The old woman could not reply. She just shook her head, “I’ll call an ambulance, “ said Jessie. Then, she ran to a public telephone at nearby coffee shop and called for an ambulance.
A few minutes later, the ambulance arrived and took the old woman to the nearest hospital. That day, we visited the old woman in the hospital after school.
The old woman was very happy to see us and she thanked us for helping her.
- Where did the writer and her friends go?
- went to the road
- were going to the school library
- went to school
- went to the hospital
- were going to a public telephone
- Why did the two girl run towards the old woman?
- The old woman fell down crossing the road
- The old woman wanted the two girls to go to her
- The old woman was knocked down by a car
- The old woman in pain and squatting down
- The old woman rushing across the road
- What did the two girls do after school that day?
- Took the old woman to the nearest hospital
- Run to a public telephone
- Shook the woman’s head
- Visited the old woman in the hospital
- Thanked to the old woman
- Where did Jessie call for an ambulance
- On her way to school
- At the nearby coffee shop on a public telephone
- To the nearest hospital
- In an ambulance
- To the nearest food shop
- What kind of tenses is used mostly in the text?
- Simple present tense
- Simple past tense
- Simple future tense
- Present perfect tense
- Present perfect continuous
Once upon a time, centuries go, in Karo there was a beautiful girl called the Green Princess. The fame of her beauty spread as far as Aceh to the West and the present state of Malaysia to the North. And so will not be surprised when I tell you that the Sultan of Aceh was captivated by her beauty and was determined that she would be his wife. However, even the Sultan had to join the queue of hopefuls waiting for a chance to propose marriage to this beautiful princess. Day after day each man presented himself to the princess, but she rejected each of them one by one.
The Sultan was not used to being refused anything and so became very angry. In fact, he was so upset, that he sent his soldier to force the princess to accept him in marriage. This was not very civilized way of doing such a things, but love can make a man behave in strange ways. The princess however was not the kind of woman who surrendered easily. With the help of her brother she managed to resist the Sultan’s army. Her brothers were a strange pair: one was like a cannon, the other like a dragon.
Day by day out the cannon – brother launched bombs on the Sultan’s army. This went on for fortnight until the cannon – brother overheated and broke into pieces. This way very unfortunate for the princess as now she had no defender. Her dragon – brother, since he was a sea – dragon, was at sea. And since dragon have to remain in the sea, he was unable to help his sister on the land. The result of all this was that the Sultan’s army captured her princess and took her by sea to Aceh.
While on board the Sultan’s ship, the princess sobbed and cried. Hearing her sorrow, her dragon – brother came to the surface of the sea and snatch her for the hands of the soldiers. Imagine their amazement at seeing the sea – dragon.
“And what happened then to the Green Princess?” I asked
“Her dragon – brother took her down beneath the waves. No one has ever seen her since.”
- Which the following would make the best title for the above text?
- Dragon frightens Sultan’s army
- The Green Princess
- Historic battle in Karo land
- The sea – dragon saves the day
- The human cannon
- “The sultan was captivated her beauty” means _____
- He was forced to wear a cap
- He was made a prisoner
- He was greatly attracted to her
- He wanted to capture her beauty
- He resisted her beauty
- Why did the Sultan not accept the princess’s refusal?
- He was not in the habit of hearing “No”
- He was a great lover
- He thought she didn’t really mean “No”
- He was a proud man
- He was suffering from ear problems
- How many brothers did the princess have?
- we don’t know
- Why did the cannon – brother overheated?
- He ate too much
- He fired too many bombs
- The day was very hot
- He was hit by the Sultan’s men
- He was a weak man
- What in the type of the text above?
- The organization of the text is _____
- General classification – description – conclusion
- General classification – description – orientation
- Orientation – description – conclusion
- Orientation – complication – reorientation
- Orientation – complication – resolution
- The purpose of the text is _____
- to orientation the readers with the ballads
- to amuse the readers with the legends
- to entertain the readers with the legend from Karo
- to explain the readers with the legend from Karo
- to show the readers with the legend from Karo
Silkworms live for only two or three days after laying eggs. About 36,000 to 5,000 eggs are laid, and these are carefully stored at the silkworms farm until they are ready to hatch. The eggs hatch into caterpillars, which feed on mulberry leaves. Soon, the caterpillars are ready to spin their cocoons. Not all caterpillars can spin silk cocoons. Only the caterpillars of a silkworm moth known as ‘Bombyx mori’ can do such spinning.
This caterpillar has special glands which secrete liquid silk through its lower lip. The liquid produced later hardens to form fine strands. The caterpillars makes its cocoon using there strands. The threads on the outside of the cocoon are rough, while those inside are soft and smooth.
Some fully-spun cocoon are heated. This kills the pupa inside. The cocoon are then put into hot water to loosen the fine threads. Finally, these threads are reeled off the cocoon.
The length of unbroken thread produced by a single cocoon measures about on-and-a-half kilometers. Being twisted together several of these threads make single woven materials.
- What is the purpose of the text?
- To persuade readers to buy silk
- To put silk into different categories
- To entertain readers with the knowledge
- To present some points of view about silk
- To describe how silk comes into existence
- How are the threads on the outside of the cocoon?
- What are mulberry leaves for?
- feeding caterpillars
- spinning cocoons
- storing threads
- hatching eggs
- laying eggs
Most of us are lucky to be born with the ability to produce antibiotics against germs. Antibiotics are substance produced by the white cells in our blood. They kill harmful germs and so protect us against sickness.
However, some unfortunate people are born without the ability to produce antibiotics. They thus fall sick very easily and often die young.
Little Maurice Elias suffered from this condition. Some of his white blood cells did not work properly. He was almost a year old when doctor found this out. The sickly boy had by then spent more than half his life in the hospital.
Until recently, children with the same disease as Maurice’s would die within a year or so. Then, an American doctor name Professor Robert A Good discovered a new way of fighting the disease by transplanting bone marrow into the patient’s body. It contains special cells which mature into normal white blood cells. The antibiotics produced by these would fight off the harmful germ.
Maurice’s doctors decided to try this method. Maurice had three sisters and a brother, all of whom offered to donate some of their marrow to save him. The doctors finally chose thirteen-year-old Tami’s marrow because her body issues were the most like those of her brother. They first extracted about half a cupful of bone marrow from Tami’s hip and breast-bones with the help of a large, hollow needle. Them, they injected the healthy marrow into Maurice’s stomach.
The transplant saved Maurice, who was able to go home to his family two month later. Now, he can look forward to growing up big and strong, thanks to his sister’s loving gift.
- What is the purpose of the text?
- To give readers amusement
- To describe white blood cells
- To explain why something had occurred
- To convince that something had happened
- To give information about the factual event
- “Most of us are lucky to be born with the ability to produce antibiotics against germs. Antibiotics are substance produced by the white cells in our blood. They kill harmful germs and so protect us against sickness.” (paragraph 1)
This part of the text is called _____
- an event
- an argument
- an orientation
- a re-orientation
- a recommendation
- How many children do Little Maurice Elias’ parents have?
- “_____ because her body issues were the most like those of her brother.” (paragraph 5)
“those“ in the sentence above refer to _____
- body issues
- their sisters
- The _____ of antibiotics done by the white blood would fight off the harmful germ.
A potato farmer was sent to prison just at the time when he should have been digging the ground for planting the new crop of potatoes. He knew that his wife would not be strong enough to do the digging by herself, but that she could manage to do planting, and he also knew that he did not have any friends or neighbors who would be willing to do the digging for him. So he wrote a letter to his wife that said, “Please do not dig the potato field. I hid the money and the gun there.”
Ten days later he got a letter from his wife. It said, “I think somebody is reading your letter before they go out of the prison. Some policeman arrived here two days ago and dug up the whole potato field. What shall I do now?”
The prisoner wrote back at once, “Plant the potatoes, of course.”
- Which statement is True according to the text?
- It was the farmer’s wife who dug up the field
- His neighbors helped the farmer to dig up the field
- The policemen succeeded to find the money and the gun
- The farmer was sent to prison because he stole money and a gun
- His wife would be able to plant potatoes because the policemen had dug up the field
- “Some policemen arrived here two days ago and _____ (paragraph 2)
The underlined word has the same meaning with _____
- What is the form of the text ?
- The main purpose of the text is _____
- to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining
- to entertain and deal with actual or vicarious experience
- to present two point of view about the potato farmer
- to describe the condition of the potato farmer
- to inform the readers about a potato farmer
- Which part if the text is ‘complication’?
- A potato farmer was sent to prison
- His wife could manage to do the planting
- The potato farmer wrote a letter to his wife
- Some policemen arrived and dug up the whole potato field
- The prisoner wrote back at once, “plant the potatoes, of course.”
- Andry _____ in Bogor for five years before he got a job in Bandung.
- was studying
- had studied
- have been studying
- had been studying
- By the end of this month, she will _____ for two years.
- have working
- have work
- have been working
- have been work
- Ridwan : When are the children going to see the
Wily : In June, after the harvest time.
Ridwan : Are they? So, by the time they get there,
the farmers ………. all the crops.
- had harvested
- will have harvested
- has harvested
- The book _____ in three months.
- should finish
- should be finished
- should have finished
- should have been finishing
- We told her the nearest place to buy a drug
The passive voice of this sentence is _____
- she told the nearest place to buy a drug
- she was tell them the nearest place to buy a drug
- she told them the nearest place to but a drug
- she told them the nearest place to buy a drug
- she was told them the nearest place to buy a drug
- She _____ if I had not reminded her
- may forget
- should forget
- might have forgotten
- may forgot
- must forget
- I would buy a new car if I had enough money. This means _____
- I don’t have enough money so I can’t buy a car
- I have enough money so I can bu a car
- I don’t have enough money so I can buy a car
- I had enough money so I could buy a car
- She bought anything as though she _____ last week.
- has a lot of money
- had a lot of money
- had had a lot of money
- owns a lot of money
- was having a lot of money
- If only she _____ for him.
- has waited
- had waited
- is waiting
- He behaves as though he owned the house. It means _____
- he doesn’t own the house
- he behaves because he own the house
- he didn’t behave
- he didn’t own the house
- he doesn’t behave
- I don’t know how to draw this map. I’d rather _____
- do it
- have to do it
- have it done
- it has been done
- have done it
- Filly, Tidy your room! Mother said. We can also say _____
- Mother asked Filly to tidy the room
- Filly tidy the room for mother
- Mother had the room tidied
- Mother got Filly tidy the room
- Filly got mother tidy the room
- Which of the following utterance does not express permission?
- May I use your pen?
- Could I use your pen?
- Mind if I use your pen?
- I wonder if I could borrow your pen?
- Do you know that I need your pen?
- Rina : I’d like to go on sight seeing this
afternoon. What about you Rini?
Will you accompany me?
Rini : _____ what time shall we start?
- Yes, sure
- Excuse me
- Not at all
- Forgive me
- See you later
- Dina : It’s very hot in this room isn’t it?
Tuti : _____ Budi?
- Would you be so kind as to open the window?
- How can you open the window?
- Will you open the window?
- Didn’t you open the window?
- Do you open the window?
- Tania : How about a drink?
Asep : _____
Tania : Coca-cola or fanta?
Asep : Coca-cola, please!
Which of the following is not suitable to complete the dialogue above?
- I won’t say no
- Thank you
- Yes, with pleasure
- You are right
- I’d like to, but I must leave now
- X : All the article are very boring
Y : That’s right. I am _____ with them.
- Arry : We have involved ourselves in this research for many days.
Do you think it will be successful?
Rino : …….. But I hope so.
- There is no doubt
- I am certain
- I can’t say that for sure
- I am convinced
- Andi : I think the government should give more attention to small scale industries
Bobi : I think so, because this group offers more job opportunities.
The underlined sentence means Bobi …..
- Likes it
- Dislikes it
- Denies it
- Agree with it
- Object it
- X : Have you visited Bob?
He got an accident last week.
Y : Oh, poor Bob. I hope he’ll be better soon.
The underlined sentence express …..