SMA

materi tenses bahasa inggris

TENSES

Simple Present Tense ( S + V1 ) or ( S + V1 + s/es)

kegiatan berulang-ulang, kebenaran umum.

Ex : He studies English everyday

 

Present Continuous Tense ( S + to be + Ving )

kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung.

Ex : He is studying English now

 

Present Perfect Tense ( S + have/has + V3 )

kegiatan di masa lampau yang masih berhubungan dengan masa sekarang tetapi waktu terjadinya tidak jelas diketahui.

Ex : He has studied English recently

 

Present Perfect Continuous Tense ( S + have/has + been + Ving )

kegiatan yang sudah terjadi sejak lampau dan sekarang kemungkinan masih akan terus berlangsung.

Ex : He has been studying English since two hours ago

 

Simple Past ( S + V2 )

kegiatan di masa lampau

Ex : He studied English yesterday

 

Past Continuous ( S + was/were + Ving )

2 kegiatan yang berlangsung secara bersamaan di masa lampau

Ex : He was studying English when the bell rang.

 

Past Perfect ( S + had + V3)

2 kegiatan yang berlangsung tidak bersamaan di masa lampau (berurutan)

Ex : He had studied English before the bell rang.

 

Past Perfect Continuous ( S + had + been + Ving )

kegiatan yang sudah dimulai dan masih berlangsung di masa lampau.

Ex : He had been studying English for two hour before the bell rang

 

Simple Future ( S + will + V1 ) or ( S + to be + going to + V1 )

kegiatan di masa yang akan datang

Ex : He will study English tomorrow / He is going to study English tomorrow

 

Future Continuous ( S + will + be + Ving )

kegiatan yang akan sedang terjadi pada masa yang akan datang

Ex : He will be studying English this time next week

 

Future Perfect Tense ( S + will + have + V3 )

kegiatan yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau dan akan segera selesai pada waktu yang akan datang.

Ex : He will have studied English by two o’clock this afternoon.

 

Future Perfect Continuous ( S + will + have + been + Ving )

kegiatan yang sudah berlangsung dan akan memakan jangka waktu tertentu sampai saat tertentu di masa yang akan datang.

Ex : By two o’clock this afternoon he will have been studying English for two hours.

 

Exercise!

Make a sentence with  some word below!

 

Subject Verb Time Signal
 

 

I

You

He

She

They

We

 

 

Walk

Buy

Read

Call

Know

Play

See

Write

Want

Make

Stop

 

 

Every Sunday

Two days ago

The day after tomorrow

Recently

At the moment

This morning

Next year

Tomorrow

Yesterday

By July next year

This time next month

 

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