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TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disusun oleh :

  1. Faisho Abdul Ghoni XIA3/9
  2. Meka Ahamad XIA3/16
  3. Muhammad Luthfianto XIA3/17
  4. Rajif Bintang Narindra XIA3/22

 

 

 

SMAN 1 KOTA MUNGKID

TAHUN PELAJARAN

2011/2012

  1. Subjunctive

Subjunctive atau biasa disebut subjunctive mood adalah sebuah bentuk mood dalam kata kerja yang digunakan pada klausa terikat (dependent clause) untuk menyatakan berbagai keadaan yang tidak ril, meragukan, atau tidak faktual, seperti harapan, emosi, kemungkinan, permintaan, usulan, pengandaian, etc. Jadi sebuah kata kerja (verb) memiliki mood subjunctive ketika kata kerja tersebut menyatakan sebuah kondisi tidak ril.

Struktur subjunctive

Struktur subjunctive sangat sederhana. Untuk semua kata kerja kecuali bentuk past dari be, verb subjunctive sama dengan verb dasarnya.

Past: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they => WERE (tidak ada WAS)
Present: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they => BE (bukan lagi AM, IS, ARE)

Semua kata kerja selain BE tidak mengalami perubahan baik untuk past maupun present. Contohnya untuk kata kerja WORK.
Past: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they => WORK (tidak ada penambahan -ed)
Present: I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they => WORK (tidak ada penambahan -s)

Perhatikan bahwa pada struktur di atas verb subjunctive bentuknya selalu sama baik kalimatnya past atau present. Perhatikan contoh berikut:

– Present: The President requests that they stop the occupation.
– Past: The President requested that they stop the occupation.

– Present: It is essential that she be present.
– Past: It was essential that she be present.

Kata kerja yang diikuti oleh subjunctive

advise (that)
ask (that)
command (that)
demand (that)
desire (that)
insist (that)
propose (that)
recommend (that)
request (that)
suggest (that)
urge (that)

Jadi setelah kata-kata kerja di atas, digunakan subjunctive pada dependent clausenya sehingga tidak ada perubahan kata kerja pada dependent clause. Contoh:

– Dr. Adnan asked that Mark submit his proposal before the end of the month.
– Diana requested Frank come to the meeting.
– The teacher insists that her students be on time.

Ungkapan yang diikuti oleh subjunctive

It is best (that)
It is crucial (that)
It is desirable (that)
It is essential (that)
It is imperative (that)
It is important (that)
It is recommended (that)
It is urgent (that)
It is vital (that)
It is a good idea (that)
It is a bad idea (that)

Jadi setelah ungkapan-ungkapan di atas digunakan subjunctive pada dependent clausenya sehingga tidak ada perubahan kata kerja pada dependent clause. Contoh:

It is crucial that you be there before Jack arrives.
It is important he attend the meeting.
It is recommended that she take a gallon of water with him if he wants to hike to the bottom of the Latimojong.

Kita biasanya menggunakan subjunctive WERE ketimbang WAS setelah IF (dan kata serupa lainnya, as if, wish, suppose). Perhatikan kalimat berikut:

– If I were you, I would ask her.
– Suppose she were here. What would you say?
– I wish he were able to type faster.

Bentuk negatif, kontinyu, dan pasif dari Subjunctive

Contoh negatif:
– The boss insisted that Jane not be at the meeting.
– The company asked that employees not accept personal calls during business hours.

Contoh pasif:
– Jacky recommended that Susan be hired immediately.
– Vichelle demanded that you be allowed to take part in the negotiations.

Contoh bentuk progresif:
– It is important that we be standing there when she gets off the plane.
– It is crucial that a vehicle be waiting for the boss when the meeting is over.

Info gathered from http://letspeakenglish.info/2011/07/08/subjunctive-dalam-bahasa-inggris/

  1. Expression
  2. Pain(Mengungkapkan rasa sakit)

Dialogue 1

(James falls down from the tree. Andy tries to help him.)

Andy : Are you okay?

James : Ouch! That hurts

Andy : Let me help you.

James : Thanks.

Andy : You should be more careful.

 

From http://najmimaulana.wordpress.com/2008/11/03/expressing-pain/

  1. Relief

Expressing Relief means mengungkapkan perasaan lega.

Read the text below carefully.
Daughter : Mom, can I go to my friend’s birthday party tonight?
Mother : Whose party, honey?
Daughter : David’s party.
Mother : What! Do you mean that David? I don’t think he’s a suitable boy. I will never allow you to go there.
Daughter : But, mom….
Mother : No buts, Sarah! You are not going to a party at his house. Never!

The next day, Mrs. Smith went to the supermarket to shop. Suddenly she saw an old school friend from years ago. Her name used to be Alice Cowper, but now, she was Mrs. Alice Templeton, mother of the infamous David, the monster of Sarah’s class.

That night, Mrs. Smith told Sarah that maybe she had been too harsh with her over David’s party. Therefore, she was changing her mind and allowing her to attend David’s party on Saturday night. Sarah was much relieved. Throwing her arms around her mother, Sarah said:

Sarah : Oh, mother, thank you so much. Everyone thought I was such an idiot for not being allowed to attend David’s party. He is really such a sweet boy. I’m so happy and relieved.
Mother : Don’t get carried away, Sarah.

From http://najmimaulana.wordpress.com/2008/10/27/expressing-relief/

  1. Pleasure

\ Text 1
Hilal : Hi, Najmi! Haven’t seen you for a long time. How is it going?
Najmi : Oh, hi Hilal….. It’s great, thanks. How is everything with you?
Hilal : Well, I’m fine. As a matter of fact, I was promoted as a manager.
Najmi : Wow, that’s really great. I’m glad to hear that. I’m sure you will have a good career.
Hilal : Thank you. And how about you? I’ve heard you are a secretary now.
Najmi : Yes, you’re right. That’s what I want since I was young.

Text 2
Najmi : Have you ever heard that Icha and Doni are getting married?
Hilal : Oh, really? What a surprise. I’m very pleased to hear that. When is the wedding?
Najmi : Next week. Will you come to their wedding party.
Hilal : Of course. How about you?
Najmi : I’ll go there with my husband. Well, if you want we can go there together.
Hilal : All right. Pick me up at 1.

Note:
People express their happiness when they get good news or special thing.
Expression of pleasure
I’m happy to hear that
I’m glad you think so
That would be great
That sounds nice
Fantastic
What a wonderful day
It’s the most beautiful place I’ve ever seen.
I love it
I like it very much

Responses
I’d love too
You are right
I think so
I do, too

From http://najmimaulana.wordpress.com/2008/06/17/expressing-happiness-pleasure-2/

  1. Advice
  • If someone says “I’m having problems learning English”, you could say:
  • “If I were you, I’d sign up for an English course.”
  • “Have you thought about going to the UK for a couple of weeks?”
  • “You really ought to watch English television.”
  • “Why don’t you read more English books?”
  • “In your position, I would try and practise speaking English.”
  • “You should perhaps look at the english-at-home.com website.”
  • “You could always get a penpal.”

From http://www.english-at-home.com/speaking/giving-advice-in-english/

  1. Warning
  • Look out! There is a snake beside you.
  • Don’t step on the grass!.
  • No smoking!
  • No hunting!
  • Be Silent
  • No camping without permission!
  • Do not cut down the trees!
  • Don’t enter wildlife reserve!
  • Keep out of the reach of children!

From http://ee-fan.blogspot.com/2008/11/expressing-warning.html

  1. Opinions

There are many ways to give your opinions when speaking English. The exact English expression you use depends on how strong your opinion is.
Giving your opinion neutrally

  • “I think…”
  • “I feel that…”
  • “In my opinion…”
  • “As far as I’m concerned…”
  • “As I see it…”
  • “In my view…”
  • “I tend to think that…”

Giving a strong opinion

  • “I’m absolutely convinced that…”
  • “I’m sure that…”
  • “I strongly believe that…”
  • “I have no doubt that…”

English expressions for asking someone’s opinion

  • “What do you think?”
  • “What’s your view?”
  • “How do you see the situation?”

Example

  • As far as I’m concerned women still have to fight harder to get the same jobs as men.
  • I’m convinced that women still earn less than men.
  • I’m pretty sure that most governments are comprised of mostly men.
  • I strongly believe that women are still portrayed superficially in most media.
  • I suspect that the media influences the behavior of our daughters.
  • I don’t think that equality is an issue any longer.
  • Don’t you think it would be better to let the market decide whether a woman or a man is best qualified for a position rather than some governmental policy?
  • I don’t agree that television series portray women as helpless. On the contrary, I think many women are portrayed as the strong figures in many series.
  • I’m afraid I don’t agree that Bay Watch was sexist.
  • I understand what you are saying, but don’t you think that Margaret Thatcher was a strong leader?
  • The problem with that point of view is that many companies are now owned or managed by women.

From http://www.englishcafe.com/blog/expressing-opinions-17003

  1. Satifaction/disatifaction

Text 1

(At lunch time, Machiko and Roberto were hungry. They found a restaurant near the college. The menu looked very good. They chose a table at the salad bowl, sat down, and read the menu. Then they waited. They waited for a long time. At last the waiter comes.)

Waiter : Yes?

Machiko : I’d like salad fruit, please.

Waiter : Cottage cheese, yoghurt, or sherbet?

Machiko : Er, yoghurt, please.

Waiter : Anything else?

Machiko : Yes, I’ll have some bread and a glass of white wine.

Waiter : (to Roberto) and you?

Roberto : The chef’s salad – large, with bread and red wine, please.

(After the waiter left)

Machiko : The waiter was unfriendly, wasn’t he?

Roberto : No, not unfriendly. He was rude.

(Michiko and Roberto waited more than ten minutes. Their food finally arrived.)

Roberto : Large? This is small salad.

Machiko : And this is sherbet instead of yoghurt.

Roberto : The bread is hard.

Machiko : It’s not fresh at all. It’s stale. I can’t eat it.

Roberto : And I can’t drink this wine chilled. It’s warm.

Machiko : Terrible. There’s no butter for the bread, either.

Roberto : Where’s the waiter?

Machiko : I don’t know. He’s probably gone to lunch at another restaurant.

Text 2

  • Paul : Have you read today’s newspaper?
  • James : Not yet. Is it interesting?
  • Paul : Yes, the apology from the company. Take a look. The paper is over there.
  • James : Picking up the newspaper and starting to read it. Is that all?
  • Paul : Yes.
  • James : This is not enough. I’m not satisfied yet. The size of the ads should have been half of the page. Besides, the company only apologized but they didn’t mention what they would do.
  • Paul : Oh, come on. The point is not the matter of the size, but the company sincere to apologize.
  • James : Still it’s not satisfying.
  • Paul : I think they have already shown their good will. It’s more than enough.

From http://najmimaulana.wordpress.com/2008/11/03/expressing-satisfaction-and-dissatisfaction/

  1. Agreement/dissagrement

Agreement

  • I agree with you 100 percent.
  • I couldn’t agree with you more.
  • That’s so true.
  • That’s for sure.
  • (slang) Tell me about it!
  • You’re absolutely right.
  • That’s exactly how I feel.
  • I’m afraid I agree with James.
  • I have to side with Dad on this one.
  • No doubt about it.
  • (agree with negative statement) Me neither.
  • (weak) I suppose so./I guess so.
  • You have a point there.
  • I was just going to say that.

Dissagrement

  • I don’t think so.
  • (strong) No way.
  • I’m afraid I disagree.
  • (strong) I totally disagree.
  • I beg to differ.
  • (strong) I’d say the exact opposite.
  • Not necessarily.
  • That’s not always true.
  • That’s not always the case.
  • No, I’m not so sure about that.

From http://www.englishclub.com/speaking/agreeing-disagreeing-expressions.htm

  1. Giving permission or graphing a request

Mrs. Thufailah : Najmi, have you finished washing the dishes?
Najmi : Yes, I have mom.
Mrs. Thufailah : Would you like to go to the shop and buy some ketchup? It’s gone.
Najmi : I just brought it last night.
Mrs. Thufailah : I couldn’t find it. Where did you put it?
Najmi : Wait for a minute mom. I am coming down ….. (after a few minutes). Here you are, mom.
Mrs. Thufailah : Oh, you put it there. You should put it at its usual place. Can you help me to cook?
Najmi : Surely, mom. What do you want me to do now?
Mrs. Thufailah : Get some chicken from the refrigerator, cut it into small pieces and wash it, okay?
Najmi : Yes, mum. ….. (after a few minutes)
I am through, mum. Here you are.
Mrs. Thufailah : Could you help me to set the table? Your father may be at home soon.
Najmi : Are we going to have dinner at home? He usually doesn’t.
Mrs. Thufailah : He said he would be home for dinner today.
Najmi : Alright. I’ll do it ….. (the telephone is ringing)
Hello, this is Najmi. Who is calling, please?
Hilal : Don’t you recognize my voice? This is Hilal.
Najmi : Hi, Hilal. What happen?
Hilal : Well, nothing special. Well, actually I want you to go with me to a book fair.
Najmi : Not at the moment, please. I am now busy helping my mom preparing for dinner.
Hilal : What a dilligent girl. Okey I understand. How about if we go in this afternoon at 3 or 4 p.m.?
Najmi : Wait for a moment. I’ll ask my mom first, okay? ….. Mom, can I go with Hilal to a book fair this afternoon?
Mrs. Thufailah : Don’t you have any lectures?
Najmi : I’m free and have no lecture this afternoon.
Mrs. Thufailah : If so, of course you may go. But, be at home before 7 p.m.. Remember, we’re having dinner together tonight.
Najmi : Thanks mom. Hallo Hilal, are you still there?
Hilal : Does your mom let you go with me?
Najmi : Yes, she does. Can you pick me up?
Hilal : I’ll be there at three, okay?
Najmi : Okey. Don’t be late.
Hilal : Bye.
Najmi : Bye.

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