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Exposition

Text exposition bertujuan untuk menyodorkan pendapat/ide/pandangan/argumen penulis akan suatu perkara/topik/permasalahan/fenomena.

  1. Analytical Exposition ® argumentative

Dalam analytical exposition penulis menyodorkan pandangan/ide/opini/pendapat bahwa suatu topik atau fenomena atau masalah perlu mendapat perhatian, ulasan atau penjelasan atau uraian, atau data penguat tanpa dimunculkannya usaha untuk mempengaruhi/membujuk pembaca untuk memiliki sikap pro-kontra terhadap sesuatu.

  1. Hortatory Exposition ® persuasive

Penulis menyodorkan pandangan/ide/opini/pendapat untuk mempengaruhi/membujuk pembaca untuk memiliki sikap pro-kontra terhadap sesuatu, atau mengajak pembaca untuk melakukan sesuatu.

Struktur teks Analytical Exposition:

  • Thesis, pernyataan pendapat penulis akan suatu kasus/fenomena.
  • Argument, terdiri dari point atau inti masalah/perbincangan atau hal yang menjadi concern.
  • Elaboration, penjelasan atau pemaparan dari point.
  • Reiteration, penguatan pernyataan.

 

Unsur Kebahasaan teks Analytical Exosition

  • general noun, misal pollution, car, dsb
  • abstract noun, misalnya policy, government, dsb
  • jargon, misal species, mammal, dsb
  • modals, misalnya must, should, dsb
  • bahasa evaluatif, misalnya necessary, important, significant, valuable
  • kalimat pasif

Contoh :

English is the most important language in the world. It is the language spoken at the United Nation; it is also the official language of diplomacy. In addition, English is useful in many occupations. For example, air traffic controllers all over the world must be able to speak English. Since English is so important, it is a compulsory subject in any level of school in Indonesia.

Teks di sebelah kiri dianggap analytical exposition karena yang nampak hanya pandangan penulis bahwa Bahasa Inggris itu merupakan bahasa paling penting di dunia dan alasan yang melatar belakanginya serta dampak dari fakta tersebut.

In Australia there are three levels of government, the federal government, state government and local government. All of these levels of government are necessary. This is for a number of reasons.

First, the federal government is necessary for the big things. They keep the economy in order and look after things like defense. Similarly, the state governments look after the middle size things. For example, the look after law and order, preventing things like vandalism in schools. Finally, local governments look after the small things. They look after things; like collecting rubbish, otherwise everyone would have diseases.

Thus, for the reasons above we can conclude that the three levels of government are necessary.

While fats have lately acquired a bad image, one should not forget how essential they are. Fats provide the body’s best mean of storing energy, a far more efficient energy source than either carbohydrates or proteins. They act as insulation against cold, or cushioning for the internal organs, and as lubricants. Without fats, energy would have no way to utilize fat-soluble vitamins. Furthermore, some fats contain fatty aids that contain necessary growth factors and help with the digestion of other food.

Struktur teks Hortatory Exposition

  • Thesis, pernyataan penulis akan suatu kasus/fenomena atau issue (hal yang dipersoalkan).
  • Argument, alasan mengapa ada keprihatinan dan mengarah pada saran atau rekomendasi.
  • Elaboration, penjelasan atau pemaparan dari point.
  • Recommendation, pernyataan tentang bagaimana seharusnya atau tidak seharusnya sesuatu ada atau dilakukan.

 

Unsur Kebahasaan teks Hortatory Exposition

  • abstract noun, misalnya policy, government, dsb
  • jargon, misal species, mammal, dsb
  • modals, misalnya must, should, dsb
  • bahasa evaluatif, misalnya necessary, important, significant, valuable
  • kalimat pasif
  • thinking verb, misalnya I believe, I think.

I think Indonesian president should be male, over forty years old, a retired military and handsome. He should be wise and has a good image among ordinary people.

I believe you’ll agree that the only person who meets those qualifications is SBY. So, there is no reason not to elect SBY as our president; only the fool will choose other candidates.

Teks di sebelah kanan dianggap hortatory exposition karena selain pandangan penulis akan figur presiden, juga nampak ajakan/bujukan penulis pada pembaca untuk memilih figur presiden seperti yang dikemukakannya.

Berikut contoh – contoh teks Analytical Exposition:

In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.

While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car very five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.

Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that, in the country, there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the way to get about.

I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already, spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.

Continued progress in advanced technology is not necessary. Already the technical progress in our world has caused severe pollution in the air and in the water. Although the technical progress in previous years has been helpful, recent technology has significantly increased pollution. Another reason to stop technical progress is that many inventions, which were developed for good causes are now also used for powerful weapons or have   been found to have serious side effect. For example, pesticide put inside particleboards to prevent termites has now been found to be toxic to human life. Technology does not always bring good effect; for example, computers do much work faster than man, but then man loses his job to a machine. Because no man can guarantee that technology will have only good effects and will be used only for benefit of man, we should delay the continued development of technology.

download materi Exposition sma doc word

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