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Silkworms live for only two or three days after laying eggs. About 36,000 to 5,000 eggs are laid, and these are carefully stored at the silkworms farm until they are ready to hatch. The eggs hatch into caterpillars, which feed on mulberry leaves. Soon, the caterpillars are ready to spin their cocoons. Not all caterpillars can spin silk cocoons. Only the caterpillars of a silkworm moth known as ‘Bombyx mori’ can do such spinning.
This caterpillar has special glands which secrete liquid silk through its lower lip. The liquid produced later hardens to form fine strands. The caterpillars makes its cocoon using there strands. The threads on the outside of the cocoon are rough, while those inside are soft and smooth.
Some fully-spun cocoon are heated. This kills the pupa inside. The cocoon are then put into hot water to loosen the fine threads. Finally, these threads are reeled off the cocoon.
The length of unbroken thread produced by a single cocoon measures about on-and-a-half kilometers. Being twisted together several of these threads make single woven materials.
- What is the purpose of the text?
- To persuade readers to buy silk
- To put silk into different categories
- To entertain readers with the knowledge
- To present some points of view about silk
- To describe how silk comes into existence
- How are the threads on the outside of the cocoon?
- What are mulberry leaves for?
- feeding caterpillars
- spinning cocoons
- storing threads
- hatching eggs
- laying eggs
“Koko, where are you?” Hamid called softly to his cat. “He may have wandered to the harbour,” said Hamid’s friend, Muchtar
Soon, the boys were at the harbour’s gate, marked ‘Gate 6”, of Priok Harbour. Two policemen were guarding the gate. The boys moved quietly so that the policemen would not see them. The boys knew the policemen would chase them away if they saw them.
The boys knew the cat was somewhere near he gate because they had heard him meowing. The sound seem to have come from a taxi that parked near by. Hamid and Muchtar saw two men were talking in low tones. Then, one of them opened the car-boot, and Hamid saw Koko crouching among some bags.
Not long after that, the men left. Hamid quickly ran to the taxi, finding the boot unlock. Hamid lifted the lid. What a shock! There were bags of explosive! At the moment, Hamid heard the men coming back. He swept Koko into his arms and ran back to where Muchtar was keeping watch.
“Those men are smugglers trying to bring explosive into the harbour, “Hamid whispered to Muchtar.
“What shall we do?” asked Muctar fearfully.
“We must alert the policemen at the gate.” Hamid said
The boys moved cautiously until they reached the gate. Hamid told the policemen what he had seen. The policemen did not really believe him, but they went with the boys to the taxi. The policemen were just in time to see the men taking the bags of explosive out of the boot.
The policemen quickly stopped the men and handcuffed them.
- Where did the two boys see the smugglers?
- Somewhere near the harbour
- At the guarded gate
- At Priok harbour
- Near a taxi
- At gate 6
- The purpose of the text is to _____
- tell past events
- entertain readers
- describe the smugglers
- report an event to the police
- inform readers about event of the day
- Hamid _____ when he saw bags of explosive inside the boot.
- ran back to Muchtar’s place
- swept Koko into his arm
- found the boot unlock
- left the taxi quickly
- was very shock
- “The policemen quickly stopped the men and handcuffed them.”
(The last paragraph)
This part of the text is called
Once upon the time there was a poor widow who had an only son named Jack. They were so poor that they didn’t have anything except a cow. When the cow had grown too old, his mother sent Jack to the market to sell it. On the way to the market, Jack met a butcher who had some beautiful beans in his hand. The butcher told the boy that the beans were great of value and persuaded the silly lad to sell the cow for the beans.
Jack brought them happily. When he told his mother about this, his mother became so angry that she threw the beans out if the window.
When Jack woke up in the morning, he felt the sun shining into a part of his room, but all the rest was quite dark and shady.
So he jumped to the window. What did he see? The beanstalk grew up quite close past, Jack’s window. He opened the window and jumped to the beanstalk which ran up just like a big ladder.
He climbed … and climbed till at last he reached the sky. While looking around, he saw a very huge castle. He was very amazed.
Then Jack walked along the path leading to the castle. There was a big tall woman on the doorstep. Jack greeted her and asked for the giantess’ mercy to give him a breakfast, because he felt very hungry. Although the giantess grumbled at first, finally she gave Jack a hunk of bread and cheese and a jug of milk.
Jack hadn’t finished when the whole house began to tremble with noise of someone’s coming. “Oh, it’s my husband!” cried the giantess. “What on earth shall I do?”
Hastily the giantess opened a very big cupboard and hid Jack there.
- Where did Jack sell his cow?
- At the castle
- At the market
- At the giant’s castle
- At the butcher’s house
- On the way to the market
- What is the story about?
- Jack and a butcher
- Jack and the giantess
- Jack and the bean stalk
- A poor widow and his son
- The giantess and her husband
- “Oh! It’s my husband!” cried the giantess (paragraph 7) “what on earth shall I do?”
From the sentence we know that the giantess is _____ her husband.
- afraid of
- angry with
- fed up
- annoyed with
- displeased with
- Jack’s mother looked very furious when Jack told that _____
- the bean were precious
- the butcher bought his cow
- he had sold his cow to a butcher
- he traded his cow for the beans
- he met a butcher on the way to the market
Fires rage across four Australian states
MELBOURNE, Jan 22 – Fire authorities in four Australian states are to control bush fires fanned by strong winds and searing temperatures.
The Australian reported Sunday that blazes continued to burn in South Australia, Tasmania, Western Australia and Victoria, where up to six homes have been destroyed. In South Australia, much of Adelaide is engulfed in this thick smoke. The fire fighters who are confronted by blast-furnace winds try to bring the flames under control.
At Robertstown in the state’s mid-north, more than 2,500 acres have already burned. Another bush fire, started by lightning, charred the earth near Mouth Flat on the southern side of Kangoroo Island, while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper-southeast, is also a blaze.
A 7,500-acres fire at Mount Agnew in Zeehan, in the state’s west, broke containment lines Saturday afternoon, jumping a road and coming close to homes.
The most serious fires were in Victoria, where up to six homes were destroyed by a fire near the town of Anakie, 36 miles west of Melbourne.
In Tasmania, falling temperatures and patchy rain brought some relief to firefighter, who continued to monitor 22 blazes across the state.
- The writer wrote the text to _____ readers about newsworthy events in four Australian states.
- What is the text about?
- fires in some areas of Australia
- weather effect on fire
- the effect of fire
- the danger of fire
- the cause of fire
- The fires increasingly happened in some parts of Australia because of _____
- A strong winds and searing temperatures
- Falling temperatures
- Thick smoke
- Heavy rain
- The reporter most likely got the information from _____
- fire fighters
- homeless people
- “ _____, while Ngarkat Conservation Park, in the state’s upper southeast, is also a blaze (paragraph 3)
What do the underlined word mean?
- on fire
- at risk