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Whales are the larges animals on earth. Bigger than elephants they may grow 95 feet long and weight 150 tons. A baby blue whale just born can be 23 feet long and weigh 3 tons.

Although whales live in the oceans and swim like a fish, they are not fish. They are mammals, like cows and elephants. Unlike fish they bear young alive, not as eggs. Their babies live on theirs mother’s mouth. They breathe through their lungs and hold their breath when they go under water. If they cannot come to the surface to breathe fresh air, they will down. They are warm-blooded fish, lay eggs, breathe oxygen in the water and are cold-blooded.

Whales live in all oceans. In the winter some of them go to warm waters to breed and in the summer most of them go to cold waters to feed. There are two kinds of whales, whales with teeth (toothed whales) and whales without teeth (baleen whales). The toothed whales eat fish and squid, which they can catch with their teeth, although they swallow their food without chewing it. The baleen whales eat plankton (small sea animals and plants). When they find plankton, they open their mouths and swim into the plankton. When they close their mouths they squeeze out the water and swallow the plankton.

Whales have few enemies. Only human and the killer whales attack whales. And whales do not seem to fight among themselves. They usually live from 20 to 30 years.


  1. What’s the suitable title for the text?
  2. What’s the difference between whales and fish?
  3. Describe baleen!
  4. How does a whale get its food?
  5. What does whale occasionally live in warm waters for?
  6. What’s the type of the text above? How’s the structure?
  7. What’s the communicative purpose of the text?




General Classification  



















No. Statements True False
1. Whales are generally 95 feet long and weigh 150 tons    
2. Big animals living in the ocean tend to be their enemies    
3. Like fish, whales can live in all kinds of waters    
4. Their life span is usually longer than human beings    
5. A new born baby whale may weight one-fiftieth of its mother    


– My Joke –

“Remember last year when I was broke, and you help me out, and I said I’d never forget you?”


“Well, I’m broke again.”



One night in 1828, the captain of a ship crossing the Atlantic Ocean was in the cabin, when suddenly a man stepped into the room. The captain had never seen the man before. The man said nothing, but he wrote a message on the wall of the cabin and then disappeared. The message said, “Turn the ship around and sail to the north-west.” The captain was surprised but decided to follow the stranger’s instructions. A few hours later, he saw a small ship ahead that was sinking. The captain asked his crew to see what happened. They only found one person on board the ship. It was the same man the captain had seen in the cabin. The man explained he had just awakened from a deep sleep. In his sleep, he dreamed that he was going to be rescued.


  1. When did the ship cross the Atlantic Ocean?
  2. Where was the captain of the ship?
  3. Who suddenly stepped into the room?
  4. Did the captain know the man?
  5. What did the man do?
  6. What did the message say?
  7. Write down the sentence used by the writer to introduce the character, the time and the setting?
  8. What moral message can you get from this text?
  9. In which sentence does the problem arise in this text?
  10. Do you know the text type of this passage?


Fill in the blanks with suitable word from the list!

Make any necessary changes.

awake               disappear                     follow               rescue              step

decide              explain                          message           sink                  surprise


  1. The boy __________ into the room silently.
  2. Will you take this __________ to my brother?
  3. I was __________ to meet him at the party.
  4. Why don’t you __________ your father’s advice, Jack?
  5. The ship __________ in 1928 in the Atlantic Ocean.
  6. We’ve __________ to go to the beach at the weekend.
  7. The teacher __________ the lesson clearly yesterday.
  8. The crying baby __________ me up last night.
  9. The little boy was __________ by the SAR team.
  10. I saw the stranger but he __________ immediately.


Study the underlined phrases below.


  1. We will have to take on someone to do John’s work while he’s away.
  2. I want to take down all the pictures and clean them.
  3. They gave in to the striker’s demand.
  4. The flowers gave off a strange odor.
  5. If the rain holds off for a few more days, they can finish the planting
  6. If our supplies hold out, we will camp here for another week.
  7. Let’s hold over our discussion of this problem until the next meeting.
  8. They try to bring out one new book every moth.
  9. I took the book back to the library yesterday.
  10. My headache isn’t serious. It will wear off after an hour or so.


Change the underlined words with suitable phrases from the sentence above whenever possible.


  1. Their attorney has promised to delay legal action for another week. ®
  2. When are you going to return my novel? ®
  3. They are going to postpone that movie for a week. ®
  4. The enemy finally surrendered after the troops surrounded the area completely. ®
  5. They will hire many new workers for the company.             ®
  6. The effect of the pain-killing drug did not disappear for several hours. ®
  7. She is going to remove those curtains and put up different ones. ®
  8. Toyota produces new models for its cars each year. ®
  9. Water, when boiled, always releases ®
  10. I will stay in Mexico as long as my money continues to last. ®



The usual order of adjective is:

Size – age – shape – color – origin – material – purpose + noun


A large wooden box (size – material – noun)

An old French woman (age – origin – noun)

A white plastic shopping bag (color – material – purpose – noun)


Put the adjective in the list into the correct heading.

English             gray                  old                   horrible             glass                round

Short                Italian                middle-age        plastic              beautiful           sports

Ugly                 red                   square              leather              German small

Young              curly                 white                 writing               large                 shopping


Opinion Size Age Shape Color Origin Material Purpose








Put the adjectives in the brackets into their usual order.

Example: an (German – interesting – young) woman

An interesting young German woman


  1. A (fat- short) man ®
  2. A (middle-age – tall) woman ®
  3. Two (round – wooden – large) tables ®
  4. Some (Japanese – tiny) TV set ®
  5. A (young – handsome) doctor ®
  6. A (red – plastic – cheap) raincoat ®
  7. (blonde – long – beautiful) hair ®
  8. A pair of (leather – expensive – black) shoes. ®
  9. A (brown – round) table. ®
  10. A/an (obedient – Japanese) woman ®


Put the phrases above into correct sentences.



an (German – interesting – young) woman

I met an interesting young German woman at the airport.


  1. _________________________________________________________
  2. _________________________________________________________
  3. _________________________________________________________
  4. _________________________________________________________
  5. _________________________________________________________
  6. _________________________________________________________
  7. _________________________________________________________
  8. _________________________________________________________
  9. _________________________________________________________
  10. _________________________________________________________




Everybody is written as one word. Every body would mean ‘every dead body’.

Everything and everywhere are single word. Every time is two words


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